Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Questions: 1.As a Software Developer, you are required to Develop Programs that can be promptly gotten to by a Wide scope of Clients.2.Discuss3 Ways in which you, Can utilize ICT to diminish your Carbon Footprint, and Contribute to Green ICT.3.Which of the Following are Projects, and which are Processes? Clarify your answer. (i)Building a Computer, on a Production Line of Identical Computers (ii)Building a House, as One of a Series of Identical houses all over Australia (iii)Upgrading a Computer from Windows 7 to Windows 10 (vi)Upgrading each of the 120 Computers from Windows 7 to Windows 10 Answers: Planning Software application for Visually Impaired Clients For planning the product application for Visually disabled people following contemplations are took as they can't control PCs through eyes- Utilizing the predictable and standard UI Elements This will assist the outwardly hindered people with using application effectively, this should be possible by utilizing the working framework provided controls, toolbars, menus, cursors and different components. The screen perusers are likewise applied for these sort of uses. Making a Flexible User Interface This should be possible by giving the differentiation, cursor squint, audio cues , contact control and different components to give the openness to the clients. Permitting the Full Keyboard Navigation This will assist these people groups with controlling the framework functionalities effectively, with this applications that are completely console driven with no or least pointing gadget necessity. Mark all Icons and Graphics discernible through Braille This will assist these individuals with recognizing components without any problem. Give sufficient time and Sound Messages for help This will assist these people groups with working without any problem. Structuring Software application for Hearing Impaired Clients So as to offer help the Hearing Impaired people groups by utilizing following advances By giving the Library of communication via gestures for the capacities and utilities of the application in the product. By giving this office to these individuals , these individuals can comprehend functionalities without any problem. By giving portable amplifier in the applications . This should be possible by giving the portable amplifier office to them as per their ability. By giving framework that vibrates on alarming for any issue or any sort of message. This should be possible by interfacing gadgets to the framework. Above all giving more instant messages as opposed to any solid. These people groups will peruse and can work in better manner. 2.Green ICT is the idea of executing the figuring or handling of Information innovation in a way so it is Environmental Friendly. The destinations of this application is like green science. Truth be told the real level of moving the co2 by IT Department is 0.2% of all out co2 created in condition. The principle Equipments utilized in the IT are- Work areas and Laptops Printers , scanners , copier, projectors Advanced cells, work area telephones Remote associating gadgets Systems administration Devices Server farm and their gadgets The components, that impact the earth in IT are as per the following- The manner by which the types of gear are fabricated. The conditions wherein they are made. What sort of transport is utilized to move them to different spots . How much vitality is devoured by them . The strategy of removal of these types of gear. The Green ICT is worried about after issues in worry of condition The types of gear are economically fabricated with condition cordial conditions. The types of gear ought to be built up that keeps going longer. The types of gear expend and squander less vitality. The IT types of gear ought to be utilized in the most ideal manner. The removal of the System ought to be done in condition neighborly way. The Methods to decrease carbon impression are as per the following- By utilizing Systems with halfway associated server farm . By utilizing Pen Drives, CDS and other advanced putting away gadgets to store information. By utilizing Email, Fax and other current techniques to diminish paper work. 3.(i)It is a procedure as creation of PCs is an undertaking, fabricating a PC in this arrangement is a piece of this task so this is a procedure of entire venture (ii).Again it is a procedure as a building up the arrangement of indistinguishable houses all over Australia is a task and building a house is a procedure. (iii)This is a task as it will comprise of different procedures in it. (vi)This is an undertaking as comprise of different procedures in it. References HCI Institute, Human Computer Interaction from- - www.hcii.cmu.edu (Accesed on 28-3-2017) Human PC Interaction, from-www.interaction-design(Accesed on 28-3-2017) Human PC communication, from-www.tandfonline.com (Accessed on 28-3-2017) Technopedia, what is HCI , From-www. technopedia.com (Accessed on 28-3-2017)
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Question: Compose paper on The nature and the advancement of the scientific reasoning and numeracy process in kids. Answer: Presentation Science is normally the most universal of all the educational program subjects, and the comprehension of this issue impacts significantly on the dynamic in all the regions from private, common and the social viewpoints. Maths training is a key to the expansion of the post school and the citizenship chances of the kids today. In the present, as in the past numerous youngsters battle with arithmetic and they are typically irritated as they persistently experience the obstructions to part of engagement.(Aunie Niemivirta, 2010) The numeracy aptitudes are critical for all the kids to create. Without this parts, the cutting edge life turns out to be nearly to the difficult to live. All the more regularly there is difference about how to move toward the learning, and how this angle ought to be acquainted with the youngsters. Once in a while when we think about the numeracy, we frequently think about the school rather not in the school setting and the instructing strategies that depend on th e repetition learning and remembrance of the ideas. Having the inspirational mentalities and the abilities in the numeracy of science is basic for fruitful learning of the youngsters. (Aunie Niemivirta, 2010)The establishment of this locale is normally worked at the youth. As the children play at the shopping home corner, utilizing the cash and the sales register, they begin to start to participate in the checking, expansion and deduction and the different scientific ideas. (Austin Howson, 1979)Such encounters permit the kids to build up their numeracy capacities at their pace. There are different speculations of the numerical learning and the understanding which are appropriate for the instructing; a portion of these are behaviorism, Piaget, Constructivism, socio-culturalism and the hypothesis of the encapsulated arithmetic. On this article, it will take a gander at the socio-culturalism hypothesis for the learning and the educating of arithmetic. It will clarify why this strategy is most appropriate than the others learning speculations. Plus, it would show why the instructing and the learning of the maths have left practice today, and concentrated more as being fun loving nature, imagination and having a great time for the youngsters. Socio-culturalism hypothetical point of view The pith of choosing this hypothesis of learning arithmetic is on the grounds that it is an understudy focused instructional method that they learn through the encounters of tackling the issue. They figure out how to apply the reasoning procedures and furthermore the information space. The embodiment of this hypothesis is to assist the youngsters with developing the adaptable information, the abilities to tackle the issue and have a discovering that is started by them separately. All the more so they can build up these collective abilities by being propelled on what they are doing. Comprehension of the hypothesis On this hypothesis was created by a man named Vygotsky and throughout the years his work has increased a great deal of acknowledgment in the training of the science. His hypothesis expresses that the advancement of the insight of the understudies results from the association of the world and the discourse, the social connection with others, and the helpful movement of the social world.(Austin Howson, 1979) The youngsters utilize the language to expand on the subjective instruments that every ha the cognizant power over. The jobs of the instructor are considerably focused to the use of this hypothesis in that they ought to pass on all the relationship that exists between the signs and the importance of those signs depicted by the kids. As indicated by the creator he portrayed an improvement that is alluded to as Zone of Proximal that is basically the separation between the elaboration of the youngster and their degree of the potential advancement that is the degree of working with the adults.(Clarke, 2001) On this zone it permits the grown-up to be the device holder importance; to have the cognizant control of the different numerical ideas, for the kid until they can disguise on the outside information. Consequently, this all procedure is alluded to as the framework. On the correlation with different speculations of Piaget; Vygotskys hypothesis specifies that the youngster has a functioning job in the learning. (Mercer Sams, 2006)Therefore, the thought of the youngster needs to disguise the outer information is productive. Another distinctive that can be seen to Piagets hypothesis is on the job of the instructor, suggesting that the Piagets don't address educating effectively. The hypothesis will in general misrepresent the perspective on the kid development understanding on their positions which ought to be done in the separation. The behaviorism hypothesis tries to clarify on the noticeable cooperations with the student to the earth and no meddling anything. I n learning arithmetic, there ought to be cooperation with others model through action or play. This hypothesis extraordinarily demoralizes the part of learning through association, just by perception. In today times, the learning procedure has changed, and the kids need to play, have a great time and be imaginative. As a correlation with constructivism look for that the information on a kid is essentially built in the setting of the earth, with social-culturalism, there is a requirement for the social communication on the planet and the discourse, and furthermore the helpful action is the basic segment of the social world(Mercer Sams, 2006). This how to build up the subjective devices by interfacing with the earth through playing, and being inventive. Reasons why maths has abandoned practices and received energy, fun, and innovativeness The subject of science in its unadulterated sense is a deliberation. The utilization of the math has been an incredible asset in portraying and forecast of the occasions in our general surroundings. The capacity of the science to show the adequately in the truth has made numerous researchers figures a different fun model to make it increasingly intelligent in the school.(Aunie Niemivirta, 2010) In today, long are the days the subject used to be a practice and retaining of the ideas. There are different reasons today regarding why educator have left the practices technique and embraced the carefree, and imaginative ones in the instructing. The utilization of instructing with these new technique has been seen as valuable as the middle people between this present reality and the universe of science. Such techniques will in general advance the critical thinking abilities to the youngsters by giving a vehicle in which these kids can expand on the model of the genuine day by day circumstan ces. (Austin Howson, 1979)The utilization of these great strategy are seen as more dynamic arranged than the real circumstance yet, less theoretical than the conventional image idea of the subject. Another angle is that playing is basic components all the more so in the youth educational plan of the kids and the teaching method. (Austin Howson, 1979)It is a vehicle for the learning purposes in which the kids can exhibit their learning result and help additionally platform the learning of different kids. The instructors today endeavor as a lot to advance different playing exercises while instructing maths to encourage on the kids scientific deduction capacity to explaining the riddles. In schools now there are intrigue revolves around the study hall of maths programs. (Clarke, 2001)Some of these are; confounds, boxes, and drawing materials. The youngsters are allocated every movement, and the educator watches their capacity to handle the circumstance. The utilization of such material advance numerical thinking about the kids rather they would not concentrate on the practices of the ideas however do them essentially. The substance of play and have a ton of fun in the class is portrayed by the non-straight part of consider the possibility that the way to deal with thinking about the child.(Mercer Sams, 2006) In this sense, there would be various end focuses or the results that are conceivable to a given circumstance. Generally, the part of playing or inventiveness makes different circumstances, where there is no single right answer. The utilization of these techniques gives the kid the proprietorship and the control in the commencement of that specific action. In a model, the kid who is submerged in the square play can make physical and applied space in order to decide the bearing and the result of the game. At the point when the youngster keeps others out of the play, he applies the idea of control and fitness. On this technique, it assists with making people who are masterminds, capacity and brimming with power. The part of the mathematic issue would not be difficult to handle since they have built up the critical thinking abilities from the youth and it is amusing to deal with them(Clarke, 2001). End Its an obvious fact that the substance of the training has changed irrelevantly in the course of recent years. The instructors over the world are endeavoring to furnish the kids with the abilities that are required in the 21st Century world. There are a great deal of contention that the arithmetic is essentially getting significant in our general public. It is apparent that the unavoidable innovation is there in our occasions are and would keep on existing on the manageability premise. These creating advances to be numerically skillful. There is the need to demand the adaptability and flexibility to the changing innovation and to accomplish this the instructors must give the learning condition that energizes the parts of basic reasoning, correspondence, the critical thinking abilities and the worldwide mindfulness. A portion of the present procedures the instructors are utilizing to set up the youngsters in the 21st Century in learning of science are; the utilization of the coordinat ed innovation, the utilization of the agreeable learning structures that envelops on kids organized methodology, in order to empower association among the kids. References Aunie, P., Niemivirta, M. (2010). Anticipating youngsters' mathematica execution in grade one by early numeracy. Learning and Individual Differences,
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
This Bathroom Ceiling This summer while Random Hall is closed I am living on Beast, 2E, the second floor of the East Parallel of East Campus. Today I want to tell you about the bathroom closest to my room. The 2E Bemis bathroom has two windows, three showers, two toilets, two sinks, 1507.75 wall tiles, and 3907.0625 floor tiles. There are 960.296875 wall tiles, 439.1875 floor tiles, and 70.875 ceiling tiles in each of the three showers; outside the showers we have a blue sky for walls, and in this space the three floors above us are broken out to reveal the night sky. The ceiling has three ceiling lights, 20.29861 ceiling tiles, four planets, 17 spaceships, three space stations, two moons, one galaxy, one bowl of petunias, and one existential whale. A closer survey, perhaps with a telescope, reveals some species we have previously glimpsed from Earth. Specimen 54686520556E697665727365: Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) went to the moon 67 years before we did. It is considered the first science fiction film. The mural was painted by Grace K. â11. Specimen 73617973: Here is the moon rocket from Objectif Lune (Destination Moon), the sixteenth volume of the comics The Adventures of Tintin. The mural was painted by Raffi P. â10; the original cover is from Wikipedia. Specimen 68656C6C6F2E: âSpace. The final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore strange new worlds; to seak out new life and new civilizations; to boldly go where no man has gone before.â This is the starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) from Star Trek, painted by Rachel B. â09. If you havenât seen Star Trek, I think you should start with my favorite episode, the Hugo-winning âThe City on the Edge of Forever,â written by Harlan Ellison: Specimen 436F6D6D656E74: This one isnt fiction: this is Earthrise, a view of the Earth rising from the moon, painted by Sean M. â08. The original photograph was taken by William Anders on the Apollo 8 mission to the moon with Frank Borman and James Lovell. From Wikipedia, here is Andersâs and Bormanâs conversation as Anders took the photo: Specimens 6966, 796F75, and 68617665: Thatâs no moon! These are the Death Star and an X Wing, painted by Drew A. â08, and two Tie Fighters, painted by Maggie D. â10. I havenât seen Star Wars (I know, I know). Cory tells me that the Death Star is an improbably large battle station, the X Wing is the type of small star fighter used by the rebels (mass produced like a Volkswagen), and the Tie Fighters are the Empireâs mass produced star fighters. Specimen 696E746572636570746564: At a corner of the ceiling between the showers and the entrance are a bowl of petunias and a short-lived existential whale, from Chapter 18 of The Hitchhikerâs Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, painted by Brianna C. â11. The Hitchhikerâs Trilogy is one of my favorite series and the whale is one of my favorite characters. Here is its short part in the novel: Another thing that got forgotten was the fact that against all probability a sperm whale had suddenly been called into existence several miles above the surface of an alien planet. And since this is not a naturally tenable position for a whale, this poor innocent creature had very little time to come to terms with its identity as a whale before it then had to come to terms with not being a whale any more. This is a complete record of its thought from the moment it began its life till the moment it ended it. Ah . . . ! Whatâs happening? it thought. Er, excuse me, who am I? Hello? Why am I here? Whatâs my purpose in life? What do I mean by who am I? Calm down, get a grip now . . . oh! this is an interesting sensation, what is it? Itâs sort of . . . yawning, tingling sensation in my . . . my . . . well, I suppose Iâd better start finding names for things if I want to make any headway in what for the sake of what I shall call an argument I shall call the world, so letâs call it my stomach. Good. Ooooh, itâs getting quite strong. And hey, what about this whistling roaring sound going past what Iâm suddenly going to call my head? Perhaps I can call that . . . wind! Is that a good name? Itâll do . . . perhaps I can find a better name for it later when Iâve found out what itâs for. It must be something very important because there certainly seems to be a hell of a lot of it. Hey! Whatâs this thing? This . . . letâs call it a tailâ"yeah, tail. Hey! I can really thrash it about pretty good, canât I? Wow! Wow! That feels great! Doesnât seem to achieve very much but Iâll probably find out what itâs for later on. Now, have I built up any coherent picture of things yet? No. Never mind, hey, this is really exciting, so much to find out about, so much to look forward to, Iâm quite dizzy with anticipation . . . Or is it the wind? There really is a lot of that now, isnât there? And wow! Hey! Whatâs this thing suddenly coming toward me very fast? Very, very fast. So big and flat and round, it needs a big wide-sounding name like . . . ow . . . ound . . . round . . . ground! Thatâs it! Thatâs a good nameâ"ground! I wonder if it will be friends with me? And the rest, after a sudden wet thud, was silence. Curiously enough, the only thing that went through the mind of the bowl of petunias as it fell was Oh no, not again. Many people have speculated that if we knew exactly why the bowl of petunias had thought that we would know a lot more about the nature of the Universe than we do now. Specimen 74686973: Nearby, above the sink, is Discworld, from Terry Pratchettâs 40 (and counting) Discworld novels, painted by Jo T. â08. Much like Douglas Adams, Terry Pratchett deals in hilarity and improbabilities. Here is a description of the Diskworld from the first page of The Colour of Magic: In a distant and secondhand set of dimensions, in an astral plane that was never meant to fly, the curling star-mists waver and part . . . See . . . Great AâTuin the turtle comes, swimming slowly through the interstellar gulf, hydrogen frost on his ponderous limbs, his huge and ancient shell pocked with meteor craters. Through sea-sized eyes that are crusted with rheum and asteroid dust He stares fixedly at the Destination. In a brain bigger than a city, with geological slowness, He thinks only of the Weight. Most of the weight is of course accounted for by Berilia, Tubul, Great TâPhon and Jerakeen, the four giant elephants upon whose broad and star-tanned shoulders the Disc of the World rests, garlanded by the long waterfall at its vast circumference and domed by the baby-blue vault of Heaven. Astropsychology has been, as yet, unable to establish what they think about. Specimen 6D6573736167652E: Gromit, painted here by Jo T. â08, is on a vacation to the moon in a homemade rocket in A Grand Day Out with Wallace and Gromit. Specimen 506C65617365: These are ships from the video game Star Control II (which came out the year I was born), painted by Capen L. â09. The screenshot of the game is from Wikipedia. Specimen 656E636F64652E: Planet Express from Futurama, painted by Jason J. â08, seems to be returning to the Milky Way from a delivery to a very distant world. Specimen 5468616E6B20796F75: From Halo, here are the Pillar of Autumn, two covenant ships, and the space station the game is named after, painted by Audrey H. â11. I havenât played Halo. Cory tells me that the space station is simultaneously a weapon of mass destruction and a massive stretch of habitable land. Specimen 666F72: Dangerously close to the moon rocket is the ship Serenity from Firefly, a space western and one of the best and most short-lived shows. Serenity is shaped like a firefly, with a lighted tail. Here it is painted by Audrey H. â11. Specimen 72656164696E672E: A distressed alien of unknown name and origin, painted by Jo T. â08 (âI donât think it was from anything specific, just a Google image search.â) is at the entrance to the bathroom. I suspect it may be based on Slurms McKenzie from the Futurama episode âFry and the Slurm Factoryâ (or an actual alien). Specimen 3A29: Finally we return to our own galaxy, the Milky Way, painted by Drew A. â08: our familiar home, floating across the ceiling through 9AC2DB and 244D63 skies, in a gallon of 384349 and dotted with stars.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
The Problematic Class System Ever since the beginning of civilization, there has been a difference in economic and social, creating two separate classes. The wealthier and educated made up the upper status of society making up what is today called upper class. The poor and uneducated made up the people which were often looked down upon by the upper class, and now make up what is considered lower class. This was true in the earliest times of the bible, through the Renaissance time period and even to today. It is nearly impossible for the lower class to become higher class, much less middle class, without being provided a full education by the higher classes. Why can these people of lower classÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦College is too much money and Ã¢â¬Å"they got along fine without a college education,Ã¢â¬ which is sometimes the case, but severely limits future opportunities for their children. Lower class is a vicious cycle. These people represent the people in the cave which can only see the shadows of what is happening around them. They are never allowed out to see the light of a true education, and have to remain in the dark all of their lives. The upper and even middle class, which usually has a good education, have the duty to show the lower class the light and to get these people out of the shadows for good. This can and is being done minutely to help the uneducated by providing scholarships, but for the most part no one is doing anything to help the less fortunate. Unfortunately, today has a very Ã¢â¬Å"everyone for themselvesÃ¢â¬ attitude. Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for life. We need to be concerned for their future, if no one else is, because their future depends solely on their education. We need to make it our goal as a society to educate the uneducated. If everyone is educated then there is equal opportunity and pay therefore eliminating social class. If the enlightened educated class can just come into the cave, relate with the people, and then actually show them the light, rather than telling them what to do, we canShow MoreRelatedCritique on the Cri minal Justice System and Social Media764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesInteresting Points: a. An interesting point I found was the contribution of the criminal justice system to an ideology. The ideology is explained as the set of beliefs that formulate and justify the existing state of affairs and its unfairness. The message being conveyed by the criminal justice system is that the result of criminality is from a single persons weakness versus the inequities of the social class (177, 2). I find this interesting that the failures of the individual is being the pinpoint ofRead MoreEssay about Educational Achievement and Development1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmany cases there are contributing issues that not only hinder, but can dramatically affect a childÃ¢â¬â¢s educational achievement and development; but also impacts negatively on their childhood experience. These contributing factors consist of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s class, their gender and/or their race and ethnicity; which no child has the ability to change at such a young and impressionable age. The issue of race, e thnicity and gender are essentially a part of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s genetic design, which is biologically determinedRead MoreGap of Inequality Between Social Classes in the United States749 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesand not the Ã¢â¬Å"real America we live inÃ¢â¬ (Krugman 246). I agree with his statement, many people were not aware of this issue five years ago, the fact that the upper class is gaining power. They have Ã¢â¬Å"their own virtual countryÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"a separate economyÃ¢â¬ (Krugman 246). The upper class has many opportunities that prevent the middle and lower class from achieving the same success. Fewer opportunities for the lower classes are harming AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of equality for all. Their chances of achieving the AmericanRead MoreHuman Capital As A Solution To MarxÃ¢â¬â¢S Problems With Capitalism.1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbourgeoisie, the owning class, to exploit the proletariat, the working class. Marx rejects the idea that unions are a possible fix f or the problems created by capitalism, but does not consider the possibility of increasing human capital to solve the problems he sees with capitalism. By increasing their human capital, the proletariat would gain independence from the bourgeoisie and be able to profit off their labor, and the elimination of private property would become problematic. To begin, I willRead MoreSocial Identity Effect On Life Chances1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheir group memberships. Social class, gender, ethnicity, ability / disability, nationality, and sexuality shape social identity. Their social identity affects their life chances in the ability to access education, employment, and prosperity. Section 1.1: Social Class Upper Class The upper classes because of their means are more likely to have the resources to access the very best of healthcare (Private), education (Eton), and employment. Middle Class The middle class because of their means are likelyRead MoreA Broken Class System?. The Misuse Of Drugs Act 1971 Implements1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Broken Class System? The misuse of drugs act 1971 implements a class system for different types of drugs based, supposedly on the dangers they pose to both users and society in accordance with the United Nation commission on narcotic drugs. Class A, the most dangerous of drugs, contains such drugs as heroin and crack cocaine as well as MDMA, LSC and magic mushrooms. The maximum penalty for class A offenses is life imprisonment. Class B includes amphetamines, barbiturates and cannabis among othersRead MoreStructural Functionalist And Marx And Engels s Theory Of Stratification1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"undergoÃ¢â¬ also known as the working class. For them stratification is about the exploitation of the working class. Human beings have values, so they should all be teated equally. They explain the system, society, and capitalist system only benefiting the rich and not the workers. The rich get more resources and the worker less. Which is problematic because the workers produce the resources but th ey donÃ¢â¬â¢t get anything. According to Marx the Elites benefit form the system because they have money givingRead MoreStructural Functionalist And Marx And Engels s Theory Of Stratification1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstratification is about the exploitation of the working class.They explain the system, society, and capitalist society that on have benefits the rich and not the workers. Which is very different view from spencer. They both believe humans have values. The rich get more resources and the worker less. Which is problematic because the workers produce the resources but they donÃ¢â¬â¢t get anything. According to Marx the Elites benefit form the system because they have the money so they can afford to be creative (go toRead MoreGraduation Speech : Education Is The Only Thing That Interferes With My Learning Is My Education960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto the education system and it still holds true today. Einstein, even though he was a very gifted child, failed high school. While this might seem shocking, it still happens with gifted students today. Schools focusing more resources on the lower end of education is at the heart of this problem. Gifted students tend to be lumped in with regular students. Because schools overlook gifted students, gifted students arenÃ¢â¬â¢t challenged, become lax with learning, and become problematic. The cause of mostRead MoreBehavioural Difficulties : Behavioral Difficulties1645 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschanged slightly, as I have developed the opinion that Ã¢â¬Ëbehavioural difficultiesÃ¢â¬â¢ are the net result of a situation or problem, the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour simply being catalysed by the environment or situation. This behaviour is usually difficult or problematic (Gates, Newell Wray, 2001) for the teacher, or others, which is often when that student is categorised as troublesome, or labelled with Ã¢â¬Ëbehavioural difficultiesÃ¢â¬â¢ (Langley, 2009). Behavioural difficulties is a term with many definitions, allowing
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
STUDENT ID: S00801773 International Business Economics INB 460 Effects of 2008 crisis n political economy decisions in two countries: India China Word Count: 1647 Contents Introduction 3 China 3 India 4 Economic Policies 4 FDI 4 GDP 7 Inflation 8 Current Account 9 Conclusion 10 Bibliography 10 Introduction The financial crisis, which began in late 2007 in US, went on to affect Europe and Asian counties. The economists were of the opinion that it would not affect the developing nations like China and India. Moreover as per the economists, these countries have already adopted reforms, which would make them withstand such crisis, and hence would be able to sail through it. But that was not the case. We would be comparing the economic policies of these countriesÃ¢â¬â¢. Both the countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ have high economic growth rate since last decade or so and are rapidly raising their footprint in global scenario. China China opened its armsÃ¢â¬â¢ in the late 70Ã¢â¬â¢s and since then has never looked back. From a centrally planned economy to market based economy has put China as a major global economy. Till recently, a command economy, China has move towards more private sector, but still majority of the macroeconomic processes are controlled by state. The country has moved to being a manufacturing hub on account of its huge low cost manpower and became an export hub by providing subsidized infrastructure (Paul,Show MoreRelatedThe Financial Crisis Of 20071646 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe most recent financial crisis of 2007 was felt throughout the world, and brought about huge economic consequences that are still being felt to this day. Within the United States, the crisis undoubtedly resulted in a surge in poverty and unemployment, a significant drop in consumption, and the loss of trust in the capitalist economic system. Because of globalization, this crisis was felt through the intertwined gl obal markets, affecting underdeveloped countries even more. Historical eventsRead MoreFinancial Deregulation and Capital Control1283 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Financial deregulation and capital control The financial markets for a long time were regulated following the aftershocks of the global recession which affected several economies across the globe. It was until the 1980s that the federal government passed the Deregulation and Monetary Act which was aimed at providing deregulation for the financial institutions. This gave the banks the flexibility to compete and extend their services at a much easier and faster way in a very competitive market andRead MoreEthical Leadership in 21st Century Global Organizations1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreading and research on ethical leadership in 21st century global orgnisations. For effective leadership to achieve survival, let alone success, in a context where the collision of varying cultural, legal and ethical dispositions has come to influence decision-making, it is necessary to acknowledge and adapt to a more global understanding of achieving organizational goals. As the discussion here will demonstrate, there is a distinct ethical compl exity to this adaptation. Synthesis of ideas: IndeedRead MoreThe Impact Of Globalisation From A Globalist Perspective1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWord count: 1452 Introduction: This essay will be focusing on the impact of globalisation from a globalist perspective. Globalisation is a multidimensional process which relates to the total of social relations which are culture, economic, political, social and environment. The aim of the essay is to examining globalisation of culture, economics and politics. Globalists believe that globalisation is inevitable and brings consequences such as the states becoming powerless, the multinationalRead MoreThe Economic Policy Of General And The Monetary Policy1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseconomic growth and price stability. The monetary policy is one of the economic policy instruments through which a government acts on the demand and supply of money in the economy. The importance of the monetary policy is resulting from its fundamental objective of price stability, to which the limitation of inflation (Poole and Weelock, 2008, p. 5) and the maintaining of internal and external value of the currency. Thus, there are some sp ecialists that believe that the monetary policy of cheap money andRead MoreThe Greece Debt Crisis3186 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesdebt crisis such as in Latin America during the 80s, in Russia at the end of the 90s and in Argentina in the beginning of the 00s. The European debt crisis is the most significant of its kind that the economic world was seen started from 2010. Financial crises tend to lead to, or exacerbate, sharp economic downturns, low government revenues, widening government deficits, and high levels of debt, pushing many governments into default. Greece is currently facing such a sovereign debt crisis and EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreSri Lankan Tourism Industry3812 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesMembership Number: 12313667 Tourism as an emerging theme Tourism industry includes, attracting tourists from local and foreign nations. Now- a- days, most of the countries highly pay their attention on upgrading tourism industry as it boosts the economy and finally the countries will be benefited from the industry. Country to country the target markets and product types are different. That means countries like Dubai, Switzerland promote tourism as a luxury product but countries like India, MalaysiaRead MoreGenetically Modified Food Aid From The United States Essay1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshumanitarian, economical, social and political grounds. I am King Letsie III and I led the Lesotho delegation at the conference. I have studied agricultural economics at the University of London and Developmental studies at the University of Cambridge. With an approach that amalgamates my knowledge of agronomics with my aims of humanitarian well-being, I have tried to adopt diverse perspectives in analysing the situation. This report elaborates on the final decision I made at the end of the conferenceRead MoreVietnam / 1975 - Present / Major River Systems1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrice agriculture, water security, Mekong River Five Themes of Geography Ã¢â¬â Snapshots Ã¢â¬ ¢ Location (absolute and relative) Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ ¢ Latitude/Longitude (Absolute Locations) Hanoi: (capital city) 21Ã ° 1 N, 105Ã ° 51 E Da Nang: 16Ã ° 3 N, 108Ã ° 12 E Ho Chi Minh City: 10Ã ° 49 N, 106Ã ° 37 E Vinh: 18Ã ° 40 N, 105Ã ° 40 E o Ã¢â¬ ¢ Place (Physical and Human Characteristics) Ã¢â¬â o Physical Ã¢â¬ ¢ The distribution of water resources is highly variable during the year owing to unevenly distributed monsoon rainfall. HighRead MoreSovereign Debt Crisis7683 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesFinance 307 European Debt Crisis in Greece Group Members: Arivendran Baskaran 7e0a7767 / 15474140 Jordan Leong Yew Henn 7e0a7574 / 15544519 Joslyn Jong Siew Yi 7E2B1252 / 16519725 TutorÃ¢â¬â¢s Name: Alpha Anak Ngadan Tutorial Day and Time: Wednesday 8am-9.30am Semester 2, 2013 - Miri Campus Abstract The sovereign debt crisis in Greece has attained several controversial bailouts which has caused a huge fuss to the Greek citizens and the tension of political instability in negotiation
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a very serious psychological disorder many ordinary people can develop. It causes large scale depression and can severely damage relationships and lives. Its main causes are from a person experiencing or witnessing an event involving death or serious injury. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now A personÃ¢â¬â¢s response to the trauma usually involves fear, helplessness or horror. In children evidence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be exhibited in disorganized or agitated behaviors. One of the most common side effects of PTSD in adults is the recurring thoughts, images and perceptions about the specific trauma they endured. Consistent, frightening dreams of the event are also signs of developing PTSD. For children, they may also experience frightening dreams but with unrecognizable content they might not understand too well. Adults can also exhibit signs by acting as if they were reliving the events over and over again. Another sign of PTSD is the avoidance of thoughts, feelings and conversations with others about what happened, and the restricted range of affections and emotions exhibited by the individual. Many people feel like they are unable to have loving feelings and can have a sense of a foreshortened future where they canÃ¢â¬â¢t picture themselves having a career, marriage, children or even a normal life span. In most cases, the symptoms of PTSD begin to surface around 3 months after the specific event, but can be seen or experienced earlier as well. The symptoms generally tend to stay around for not too long of a time but for some people it can become chronic and never go away for as long as they live. Victims can begin to feel detached from society and estranged by their peers and others, as if they were all alone with no one there for them. Victims can also have difficulties concentrating, become hyper vigilant, which means a person has an increased state of anxiety and is constantly scanning their surroundings for threats, and exaggerated startled responses which is a side effect of all the anxiety theyÃ¢â¬â¢re putting their minds through. Along with high states of anxiety, difficulty sleeping, extreme irritability, outbursts of anger for non-important reasons and severe depression are seen in many PTSD patients. Symptoms have been known to be worse when the trauma experienced is from intentional human actions rather than something like a natural disaster. Also, when something involves mass casualties like war, someone who survives can experience something known as survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt where they feel guilty for getting through it meanwhile they lost loved ones and friends. The most vivid, disturbing way to experience PTSD is through a flashback. A flashback is when a person has recurring images flash before him when looking at normal things and cause the victim to be transported back to where the trauma took place and even begin to make the person feel, see, and smell the things he mightÃ¢â¬â¢ve on that day or time period. This is especially common with war veterans like Vietnam War veterans. Vietnam War veterans can and have been known to be upset by war movies, hot humid weather, and even Asian cooking as it brings them back to the times when they were overseas and where they lost a lot of friends. PTSD has always been closely tied to the history of human warfare, not just the Vietnam War. PTSD is also known to soldiers and veterans as soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s heart, combat neurosis, and battle fatigue, meaning a soldier can lose their will to live and fight and just want to give up. Combat veterans who have witnessed or committed violent acts are more likely to develop PTSD. The men who liberated the Nazi war camps in the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s could have been Severely distressed by the things they saw were being done to people. And through to today in the prisons the United States has where they keep war criminals and suspected terrorists like Abu Ghraib. Soldiers who were stationed there had seen some horrific things done to people, and those images could stick with them for a very long time. However, it was not until after the Vietnam War that PTSD became a well-known and serious mental health condition and captured the interest of doctors and psychiatrists. A study done on Vietnam War veterans showed that at least 1. 7 million veterans had experienced a serious case of PTSD when their tour was over or after the war. The attention received by the Vietnam War veterans also helped shed a light onto victims of other wars and events and allowed the still living Holocaust survivors to seek help if they wished. Another study showed that 55% of women were victims of a violent crime and that one in four of these women suffered from PTSD. It can affect everyone for an unlimited amount of reason ranging from natural disasters like a hurricane or earthquake to something more recent like the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. Many civilians who escaped New York City that day saw and experienced some of the worst things imaginable, and one of the largest groups of people who suffered from that event was the members of the FDNY, NYPD, and PAPD. With the FDNY losing 343 firemen, the NYPD losing 23 police officers and the PAPD losing 7 officers, the first responders to the World Trade Center suffered heavy casualties. A lot of people lost fellow brothers and sisters going into the buildings attempting to save innocent civilians and lost their lives. A horrific event like 9/11 affects a larger amount of people and hits them harder than other things due to the severity, lives lost, and pointlessness of the attack. People who already may have underlying or prior mental health problems are more likely to develop PTSD. Genetics also play a role in making some people susceptible to PTSD and two people who are experiencing the same trauma can have two different outcomes. One person might be able to get through it and the other might be completely mentally exhausted and suffer the worst of the symptoms. People may not even know they have PTSD until the death of a close friend or relative or a divorce or something life changing brings them to an emotional low and can make them recall what they may have gone through. PTSD is a serious mental condition that affects more people than anyone might know. Some people are good at hiding feelings while others are not. Sadly some sufferers resort to using heavy quantities of alcohol and tranquilizers to numb their pain and make them able to cope with the disturbing recollections, nightmares and sleep problems and sadly many end up dependent on the drugs theyÃ¢â¬â¢re using. PTSD can also lead to suicide if the victim experiences sever amounts of survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt or feels as if they canÃ¢â¬â¢t take it anymore. Works Cited: . Vrana, Scott. Ã¢â¬Å"Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Ã¢â¬ Salem Health Psychology Mental Health. First edition. Editor: Nancy Piotrowski. Volume 4 Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2010. Print. 2. Miller, Allen, Ã¢â¬Å"Living With Anxiety DisordersÃ¢â¬ New York, Facts on File, 2008. Print 3. Jan Fawcett, Ã¢â¬Å"Post Traumatic Stress DisorderÃ¢â¬ The Encyclopedia of Mental Health Ada Kahn. First Edition. Volume 1 New York. Facts on File. 1993. Print. 4. nymag. com/news/articles/wtc/1year/numbers, New York Magazine, 11 September 2011. Web. 20 November 2011 How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Essay examples Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Free Essays He himself also suffers from OPTS, and has chapters about his thoughts, feelings, and family intervention when he was writing his memoir. Ã¢â¬Å"Speaking of Courage,Ã¢â¬ tells the story of another member of Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien platoon, Norman Booker, following his return to his hometown In Iowa. Booker feels responsible for the death of Kiowa, who literally drowned In human excrement during a firefight when the platoon was encamped in what turned out to be a field of sewage. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now Frozen in panic, Booker could not bring himself to move and pull the wounded Kiowa out of the stinking sewage. Now, back in Iowa, he simply drives In circles around town, feeling aimless and out of place. Ã¢â¬ËHow to Tell a True War Story Is a collection of small stones Interspersed with instructions about Ã¢â¬Å"trueÃ¢â¬ war stories. The narrator tells the story of his friend Rat Killed, who writes a letter to the sister of his buddy who had been killed a week earlier. It is a long, heartfelt letter. He waits for two months for a reply to the letter, but the sister never writes back. The story then shifts to commentary. A true war story Is never moralÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 65) the narrator Instructs. These two stories contain read examples of different symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in a way that can further explain them to the reader. The Vietnam War was fought by an ideology against an Ideology, and ultimately solved very little while hurting so many. OPTS is a mental Illness that Is cause by a traumatic event that has happened In ones life and can be easily triggered by a daily activity. Pony close evaluation, Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien collection, The Things They Carried, explores the effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in relation to Vietnam, since characters possess prone to angry outburst, elapse, and suicidal tendencies. The tragic events that are witnessed during the war in Ã¢â¬Å"How to Tell a True War StoryÃ¢â¬â¢ can cause immediate cases of anger outbursts. Anger is said to be a cover for other emotions such as fear or hurt, and can also be a way of pushing people away in order to protect oneself. However, tendencies for sudden outbursts of anger are Like a manifestation of hyper-vigilance and fear of loss of control. In Ã¢â¬Å"How to Tell a True War Story,Ã¢â¬ Rat Killed looses his best friend, Curt Lemon, after being blown up while playing a game of catch. This has caused some sadness and anger to build up inside him. Later that day, the troops come across a baby buffalo that the end up bringing with them to s deserted village. After the failed attempt of Rat trying to feed the baby buffalo, Ã¢â¬Å"he stepped back and shot it through the right front knee. It went down hard, 1 OFF to hurtÃ¢â¬ ¦ There wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a great deal of pity for the baby water buffalo. Curt Lemon was deadÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 75). In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Anger, Hostility, and OPTS,Ã¢â¬ written by Roth and Wielded, they say that Ã¢â¬Å"as a consequence, hostility causes an increase frequency of anger and aggression. Thus, anger and hostility may reciprocally activate each other and motivate the individual to aggressive behavior against othersÃ¢â¬ (699). Rat Killed tortures a baby water buffalo because he cannot sit with his emotions about Curt LemonÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Skills method of abuse to this animal was very strategic due to the way he stepped back; shot the buffalo in the ear and then the right knee. The shots were not random, but were very specific and thought through. What OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien meant by not wanting to kill the animal, but to hurt it, was that the pain that Killed was leaning he wanted to see someone else feel it to. RotorÃ¢â¬â¢s thought of reciprocal activity is shown through Skills obsession of seeing this living thing suffer, Just as he was suffering from the loss of his dear friend. Skills angry outburst was Just the start of his OPTS that was caused from this traumatic event that he had witnessed, since anger can motivate to lash out with aggressive behavior. While one can reduce the severe-news of OPTS, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s always a possibility for a relapse, which is the case for Norman Booker in Ã¢â¬Å"Speaking of Courage. Ã¢â¬ In the case of OPTS, relapse is the worsening of symptoms or the recurrence of unhealthy behaviors. As a way of marking time, Norman Booker repeatedly drives a loop around the local lake remembering old girlfriends, hoping one day to track down high-school buddies who have moved to Des Monies or Sioux, and how he would explain KioskÃ¢â¬â¢s death in the field. When Booker was in Ã¢â¬Å"high school, at night, he had driven around and around it with Sally KramerÃ¢â¬ ¦ Or other times with friends, talking about urgent mattersÃ¢â¬ ¦ Then, there had not been warÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 132). Booker came home to find hat Sally was married, his friends were gone, and his father was at home watching TV. He made it seem like it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a problem, but that was when he went Ã¢â¬Å"he took [his dadÃ¢â¬â¢s] Chevy on another seven-mile turn around the lake (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 133). According to John H. Attainment, author of Twentieth Century Literature, Norman BookersÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"aimless circling works then to demonstrate his inability to settle back into the routine of the world and exemplifies the psychological distance between his former and present selvesÃ¢â¬ (108). OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien shows BookerÃ¢â¬â¢s relapse by circling the lake before ND after the war, as the relapse is encapsulated by his trip around the lake back in high school with Sally and doing it again after the war, with out her this time. Booker aimlessly circling the lake shows that he is unable to break free from its pull, since lake triggers a relapse by his inability to settle back into civilization. Booker portrays AttainmentÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological distancing when he talks about the time before the war. So, the fact that Norman Booker circles the same lake as he did before the war, and constantly is thinking about what he has lost from being at war, shows that Booker is experiencing a relapse as a side effect of his OPTS. Thoughts of suicide are a major symptom of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and are explored in the short story Ã¢â¬Å"Speaking of CourageÃ¢â¬ . War Veterans experience so much when in combat that their lives can hardly ever be normal and having to adjust to being back home can be a struggle. Booker had two friend, Max and Kiowa, both who which drowned in lakes, which had a major impact on Booker. Norman Booker a time he got out, walked down to the beach, and waded into the lake without undressing. The water felt warm against his skin. He put his head under. He opened his lips, very slightly, for the taste, then he stood up and folded his arms and watch the 148). In an interview with Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien, he mentions that this story Ã¢â¬Å"came from a letter [he] received from a guy name Norman Booker, a real guy, who committed suicide after [he] received his letter. He was talking to [OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien] in his letter about how he Just couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t adjust to coming home. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t bad memories; it was that he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t talk to any about it (Unapparent 7). That was when OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien followed that story with the essay Ã¢â¬Å"Notes,Ã¢â¬ to inform that Ã¢â¬Å"three years later hanged myself in the locker room of a YMCA in his hometown of IowaÃ¢â¬ (OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 149). In Ã¢â¬Å"Speaking of CourageÃ¢â¬ , Booker didnÃ¢â¬â¢t go into the lake to watch the fireworks; instead it was a mere thought of suicide, indicated by how Norman was fully dressed, submerging his entire body under water, and opening his mouth. Folding of his arms may hint that Booker is content with ending his life the way his buddies did. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien point on Booker not being able to adjust to coming home, and attempt of suicide could have been a foreshadow of his actual suicide that happen a few years later. Booker was suffering many symptoms of OPTS, but it is evident that his suicidal thoughts had taken what was left of him, as it does to many war veterans. Angry outbursts, relapse, and suicidal thoughts are only a few of the Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms that are discussed through out Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien The Things They Carried, but they are not the only ones that these characters possess. Norman Booker and Rat Killed are two characters that suffer from OPTS. Booker experiences relapse and suicidal thoughts as his symptoms; where as, Killed suffers from angry outburst. OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien is a credible source for authenticating what fines a true story due to the fact he was part of the Vietnam war and he also suffers from OPTS. From the research gathered about OPTS symptoms, it is clear over the struggles that some go through dealing with this disorder. OPTS is a fractureÃ¢â¬â¢ in your experience of life, caused by a traumatic event. You and no one else cause this fracture in your mind because it is response for attempting to cope with what happened. But unfortunately, itÃ¢â¬â¢s an ill-informed response. So the next time a song is on repeat in your mind, Just imagine itÃ¢â¬â¢s a repeat of your most horrific memories. How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Papers Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Free Essays Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a very serious psychological disorder many ordinary people can develop. It causes large scale depression and can severely damage relationships and lives. Its main causes are from a person experiencing or witnessing an event involving death or serious injury. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now A personÃ¢â¬â¢s response to the trauma usually involves fear, helplessness or horror. In children evidence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be exhibited in disorganized or agitated behaviors. One of the most common side effects of PTSD in adults is the recurring thoughts, images and perceptions about the specific trauma they endured. Consistent, frightening dreams of the event are also signs of developing PTSD. For children, they may also experience frightening dreams but with unrecognizable content they might not understand too well. Adults can also exhibit signs by acting as if they were reliving the events over and over again. Another sign of PTSD is the avoidance of thoughts, feelings and conversations with others about what happened, and the restricted range of affections and emotions exhibited by the individual. Many people feel like they are unable to have loving feelings and can have a sense of a foreshortened future where they canÃ¢â¬â¢t picture themselves having a career, marriage, children or even a normal life span. In most cases, the symptoms of PTSD begin to surface around 3 months after the specific event, but can be seen or experienced earlier as well. The symptoms generally tend to stay around for not too long of a time but for some people it can become chronic and never go away for as long as they live. Victims can begin to feel detached from society and estranged by their peers and others, as if they were all alone with no one there for them. Victims can also have difficulties concentrating, become hyper vigilant, which means a person has an increased state of anxiety and is constantly scanning their surroundings for threats, and exaggerated startled responses which is a side effect of all the anxiety theyÃ¢â¬â¢re putting their minds through. Along with high states of anxiety, difficulty sleeping, extreme irritability, outbursts of anger for non-important reasons and severe depression are seen in many PTSD patients. Symptoms have been known to be worse when the trauma experienced is from intentional human actions rather than something like a natural disaster. Also, when something involves mass casualties like war, someone who survives can experience something known as survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt where they feel guilty for getting through it meanwhile they lost loved ones and friends. The most vivid, disturbing way to experience PTSD is through a flashback. A flashback is when a person has recurring images flash before him when looking at normal things and cause the victim to be transported back to where the trauma took place and even begin to make the person feel, see, and smell the things he mightÃ¢â¬â¢ve on that day or time period. This is especially common with war veterans like Vietnam War veterans. Vietnam War veterans can and have been known to be upset by war movies, hot humid weather, and even Asian cooking as it brings them back to the times when they were overseas and where they lost a lot of friends. PTSD has always been closely tied to the history of human warfare, not just the Vietnam War. PTSD is also known to soldiers and veterans as soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s heart, combat neurosis, and battle fatigue, meaning a soldier can lose their will to live and fight and just want to give up. Combat veterans who have witnessed or committed violent acts are more likely to develop PTSD. The men who liberated the Nazi war camps in the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s could have been Severely distressed by the things they saw were being done to people. And through to today in the prisons the United States has where they keep war criminals and suspected terrorists like Abu Ghraib. Soldiers who were stationed there had seen some horrific things done to people, and those images could stick with them for a very long time. However, it was not until after the Vietnam War that PTSD became a well-known and serious mental health condition and captured the interest of doctors and psychiatrists. A study done on Vietnam War veterans showed that at least 1. 7 million veterans had experienced a serious case of PTSD when their tour was over or after the war. The attention received by the Vietnam War veterans also helped shed a light onto victims of other wars and events and allowed the still living Holocaust survivors to seek help if they wished. Another study showed that 55% of women were victims of a violent crime and that one in four of these women suffered from PTSD. It can affect everyone for an unlimited amount of reason ranging from natural disasters like a hurricane or earthquake to something more recent like the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. Many civilians who escaped New York City that day saw and experienced some of the worst things imaginable, and one of the largest groups of people who suffered from that event was the members of the FDNY, NYPD, and PAPD. With the FDNY losing 343 firemen, the NYPD losing 23 police officers and the PAPD losing 7 officers, the first responders to the World Trade Center suffered heavy casualties. A lot of people lost fellow brothers and sisters going into the buildings attempting to save innocent civilians and lost their lives. A horrific event like 9/11 affects a larger amount of people and hits them harder than other things due to the severity, lives lost, and pointlessness of the attack. People who already may have underlying or prior mental health problems are more likely to develop PTSD. Genetics also play a role in making some people susceptible to PTSD and two people who are experiencing the same trauma can have two different outcomes. One person might be able to get through it and the other might be completely mentally exhausted and suffer the worst of the symptoms. People may not even know they have PTSD until the death of a close friend or relative or a divorce or something life changing brings them to an emotional low and can make them recall what they may have gone through. PTSD is a serious mental condition that affects more people than anyone might know. Some people are good at hiding feelings while others are not. Sadly some sufferers resort to using heavy quantities of alcohol and tranquilizers to numb their pain and make them able to cope with the disturbing recollections, nightmares and sleep problems and sadly many end up dependent on the drugs theyÃ¢â¬â¢re using. PTSD can also lead to suicide if the victim experiences sever amounts of survivorÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt or feels as if they canÃ¢â¬â¢t take it anymore. Works Cited: . Vrana, Scott. Ã¢â¬Å"Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Ã¢â¬ Salem Health Psychology Mental Health. First edition. Editor: Nancy Piotrowski. Volume 4 Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2010. Print. 2. Miller, Allen, Ã¢â¬Å"Living With Anxiety DisordersÃ¢â¬ New York, Facts on File, 2008. Print 3. Jan Fawcett, Ã¢â¬Å"Post Traumatic Stress DisorderÃ¢â¬ The Encyclopedia of Mental Health Ada Kahn. First Edition. Volume 1 New York. Facts on File. 1993. Print. 4. nymag. com/news/articles/wtc/1year/numbers, New York Magazine, 11 September 2011. Web. 20 November 2011 How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about Leading in Contemporary Organizations of International HRM. Answer: Introduction Diversity in the workplace refers as different variety of people or employees within the organisation. The diversity issue within the organisation mainly varies due to the gender, race, ethnic group, education, culture, background of the people. From the several market surveys it can be observed that diversity not only engages how individuals observe themselves, other than how the individuals distinguish other people. Those points of view of the people affect their connections and the relationship. For a broad variety of employees to function efficiently as an association, human resource experts or managers require to contract efficiently with matters such as adaptability communication, and alteration. To maintain the success of the organisation workplace diversity is quite effective task for any organisation and their management team (Albrecht, 2001). To get an effective observation about the workplace diversity and impact of contemporary leadership in the organisation the researche r obtain one of the most leading supermarket giants of UK Tesco PLC. With the help of workplace diversity the organisation can effectively increase their adaptability among the employees and it provides wider service range in the organisation. Background of the organisation Tesco PLC is one of the largest supermarket chains in the UK market. The organisation has operated almost 12 countries all over the world. To expand their business in the worldwide market the organisation depends on supermarket, hypermarket and superstore products. According to the recent market survey it can be observed that, Tesco has approximately 500000 numbers of people across the globe. To manage the employees within the organisation the leaders or the managers of the organisation needs to develop a well build leadership strategies in their job role to control over them (Amaram, 2011). Due to the huge number of employees in the organisation and due to the several employees came from various region of the world with different culture, different background of studies, different race and gender the management needs to control on the diversity issues in the organisation for their better performance in the retail market place. Issues within the organisation The main issues in the organisation like Tesco Plc are the diversity issues in their workplace. For getting effective outcomes in the business the organisation or the management of the Tesco Plc needs to aware about some diversity management program for their better performance in the workplace. Due to the various culture people in the workplace and different gender, race and academic background of the employees it harms the work culture and work environment in the workplace (Batten, 1992). To mitigate those issues the contemporary leaders of the organisation needs to adopt better leadership strategies in their business to make healthier relation with the and among the employees. For lack of communication problem in the organisation the employees faces several problems like not sharing the information within the workplace, inequality and partiality etc, which leads dreadful scenario in the work environment (Darden, n.d.). Importance of managerial communication with employees According to the present scenario, it can be said that, due to the lack of employee manager communication the organisation has faces several issues which is related concerning with the diversity problem in their business (GRENSING-POPHAL, 1997). To mitigate the issues regarding diversity the leaders or the managers of the organisation needs to be more communicative with the employees. By the help of proper communication with the employees it can enhance the performance of the employees and they can share their opinion without any hesitation (GroÃÅ'Ãâ schl, 2011). Due to the diversity issues in the retail chain market like Tesco the employees of the organisation cannot share their ideas and openness with their team leaders or the managers which can bring lack of performance. To mitigate the issues from the organisation the management or the managers needs to communicate with the employees in formal or informal ways to enhance their confidence in their job role (Gwele, 2009). By com municating well with the employee the managers of the organisation get effective outcomes in several areas such as Better employee relation To maintain effective manager employee relation in the organisation effective communication is very much essential tool for the managers (Williams, 2005). By the help of effective communication the manager can analyse and assess the performance of the employees in the workplace which enhance to make better relation with the managers. Productivity gaining To get more productive outcomes from the employees, management of Tesco mostly relies on the better communication process (Henderson, 1994). By the help of face to face conversation with the employees the manager can understand the lagging areas of the individuals. To reduce the dissatisfying factors from the peoples mind the manager provide effective motivational strategies in their business and open communication process. Better problem solving abilities Open communication makes the employees more comfortable to work in a new and different situation. For a newly joined employee it is not so easy task for them to communicate with the others quite easily (Kikoski and Kikoski, 1996). By the help of managers openness and friendly communication makes them more comfortable in the workplace and it can help the managers to provide more members in their team to solve a critical problem and achieve the desired objectives for the organisation. Globalize their business Tesco is an international retail supermarket chain. To enhance their business in the global market the organisation needs to globalize their business more and more and for globalize the business the organisation needs to recruit more different culture and different society people in their business (Lakmal, n.d.). To make the workplace diversity effective and to make the work culture better the managers needs to be more open in their communication. Skills needed to overcome issues In the successful business operation the management needs to rely on the several tool and techniques to mitigate the workplace diversity from the Tesco. To overcome the diversity related issues in the workplace apart from the effective communication process the organisation needs to adopt better planning of the diversity management and better implication plan. Implication and planning Business directors, keeping in mind the end goal to adequately oversee differing qualities, must have the capacity to arrange and execute an assorted qualities arrangement. This includes mapping out an approach to make gratefulness for differences in all workers in the organisation (McMahon, 2011). A few strategies exist to help the managers to address those issues. An assorted quality withdraws similarly permits representatives to become acquainted with each other and build up gratefulness for each other outside of work place. By select a diverse quality employees in the organisation can build different cultural aspects in the organisation which can enhance the work environment, for implementing more cultural diversity in the organisation. In a perfect world, these individuals have to work for the organization and volunteer for the undertaking. As a major aspect of their responsibility, the individuals needs to go to differences association or different seminar for the diversity man agement programme on more than one occasion a year and keep the employees learned and open to mix their qualities. Resolution skills A key apparatus to overseeing working environment differences is the capacity to handle strife. Contradictions that emerge due to social contrasts must be taken care of quickly and quickly as to not diminish profitability in the work environment (Morgan and VaÃÅ'Ã rdy, 2006). Be objective. At the point when examining a contradiction, be reasonable, objective and verifiable all the while. Get some information about what happened and take notes as needs be. Get to the base of the issue and, rather than setting all faults on one individual, ensure every individual knows the significance of tolerating everybody and valuing their part in the workplace. Possible options for developing the skills needed in the managers perspective To develop skills to mitigate the diversity issues in the workplace the managers of the organisation needs to develop effective leadership strategies in their business operation. To make an effective outcome for the diversity related issues within the organisation the managers needs to adopt better leadership theories in their job role (Nickens and Smedley, 2001). To develop a better understanding in the workplace and to get positive outcomes in the organisation the managers have to depend on two leadership theories such as: The trait theory of leadership In this trait theory the leaders or the managers are mainly focused on the task based activities. According to the situation the individuals alter their leadership styles. To mitigate the diversity issues in the workplace this theory implication is quite essential for the managers for their better outcomes in the workplace. To reduce the gender inequality, racism, adjustment in the organisation this theory helps the managers to develop their skills and openness to experience better performance in their job role (Pollitt, 2006). With the help of modern trait theory the managers of the organisation like Tesco can increase their adaptability and it could supply the several of solutions for the diversity mitigation plan. The Behavioural theory of leadership To manage people in the organisation the managers needs good personality. According to the behavioural theory of leadership the leaders or the managers can understand their confidence level and strong personality enhancement skills in their responsibility. To mitigate the diversity related issues within the workplace the managers needs to be stronger in personality and they needs to have positive ego to analyse their self efficiency level in the organisation (Schyns and Meindl, 2005). To influence other in the organisation the manager needs better motivational skills in their behaviour by which they can attract and help the employees to communicate well with them. Proper and effective communication process can mitigate the diversity issues in the large scale organisation like Tesco. Apart from the different leadership style and theory implication the managers needs to provide effective seminar and training development programme on the basis of diversity management plans in the organisation. Recommendation After analysing all the factors from this report, the researcher can recommended that, offering diversity awareness training programme for the employees could enhance their performance and increase the work environment better for the organisation. Exploit some staff meetings and different employee assemblies as an occasion to highlight the significance of open-mindedness in the workplace and the understanding of dissimilarities. Present written information and cyclic emails can encourage workers to realize the diversity of the organisation (Walton, 1994). These administrator postures will build it obvious that employees are waiting for to training open-mindedness in their job role. Top of the organisation make measuring and estimating their diversity procedure an essential fraction of their business system. A customizable worker fulfilment review can achieve this measurement for Tesco PLC professionally and expediently. Conclusion From the above study it can be concluded that diversity related issues can harm the fruitful business procedure for the organisation and as a manager or a leader, the individual needs to aware about the diversity management plan in his mind. To manage the diversity issues in Tesco the manager needs to communicate properly in formal and informal way with the employees in the workplace. In this study the researcher has concluded that attitude of openness among the employees and the managers can mitigate the diversity issues within the organisation. By promoting effective leadership theories implication in the organisation can be benefited to achieve the short term and long term objectives for the company. References Albrecht, M. (2001). International HRM. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers. Amaram, D. (2011). Cultural Diversity: Implications For Workplace Management. JDM, 2(4), p.1. Batten, E. (1992). Diversity in the high-tech workplace: forums for diversity. IEEE Spectr., 29(6), pp.27-29. Darden, D. (n.d.). Diversity in the Workplace. SSRN Electronic Journal. GRENSING-POPHAL, L. (1997). Dealing with diversity in the workplace. Nursing, 27(9), p.78. GroÃÅ'Ãâ schl, S. (2011). Diversity in the workplace. Burlington, Vt.: Gower. Gwele, N. (2009). Diversity management in the workplace: beyond compliance. curationis, 32(2). Henderson, G. (1994). Cultural diversity in the workplace. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books. Jackson, S. (1992). Diversity in the workplace. New York: Guilford Press. Kikoski, J. and Kikoski, C. (1996). Reflexive communication in the culturally diverse workplace. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books. Lakmal, D. (n.d.). Managing the Challenge of Generational Diversity in the Workplace. SSRN Electronic Journal. McMahon, A. (2011). Does Workplace Diversity Matter? A Survey Of Empirical Studies On Diversity And Firm Performance, 2000-09. JDM, 5(2). Morgan, J. and VaÃÅ'Ã rdy, F. (2006). Diversity in the workplace. [Washington, D.C.]: International Monetary Fund, IMF Institute. Nickens, H. and Smedley, B. (2001). The right thing to do, the smart thing to do. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Pollitt, D. (2006). Diversity in the workforce. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub. Schyns, B. and Meindl, J. (2005). Implicit leadership theories. Greenwich, Conn.: Information Age Pub. Walton, S. (1994). Cultural diversity in the workplace. Burr Ridge, Ill.: Irwin Professional Pub./Mirror Press. Williams, M. (2005). Leadership for leaders. London: Thorogood.