Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Problematic Class System Essay - 461 Words

The Problematic Class System Ever since the beginning of civilization, there has been a difference in economic and social, creating two separate classes. The wealthier and educated made up the upper status of society making up what is today called upper class. The poor and uneducated made up the people which were often looked down upon by the upper class, and now make up what is considered lower class. This was true in the earliest times of the bible, through the Renaissance time period and even to today. It is nearly impossible for the lower class to become higher class, much less middle class, without being provided a full education by the higher classes. Why can these people of lower class†¦show more content†¦College is too much money and â€Å"they got along fine without a college education,† which is sometimes the case, but severely limits future opportunities for their children. Lower class is a vicious cycle. These people represent the people in the cave which can only see the shadows of what is happening around them. They are never allowed out to see the light of a true education, and have to remain in the dark all of their lives. The upper and even middle class, which usually has a good education, have the duty to show the lower class the light and to get these people out of the shadows for good. This can and is being done minutely to help the uneducated by providing scholarships, but for the most part no one is doing anything to help the less fortunate. Unfortunately, today has a very â€Å"everyone for themselves† attitude. Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for life. We need to be concerned for their future, if no one else is, because their future depends solely on their education. We need to make it our goal as a society to educate the uneducated. If everyone is educated then there is equal opportunity and pay therefore eliminating social class. If the enlightened educated class can just come into the cave, relate with the people, and then actually show them the light, rather than telling them what to do, we canShow MoreRelatedCritique on the Cri minal Justice System and Social Media764 Words   |  4 PagesInteresting Points: a. An interesting point I found was the contribution of the criminal justice system to an ideology. The ideology is explained as the set of beliefs that formulate and justify the existing state of affairs and its unfairness. The message being conveyed by the criminal justice system is that the result of criminality is from a single persons weakness versus the inequities of the social class (177, 2). I find this interesting that the failures of the individual is being the pinpoint ofRead MoreEssay about Educational Achievement and Development1338 Words   |  6 Pagesmany cases there are contributing issues that not only hinder, but can dramatically affect a child’s educational achievement and development; but also impacts negatively on their childhood experience. These contributing factors consist of a person’s class, their gender and/or their race and ethnicity; which no child has the ability to change at such a young and impressionable age. The issue of race, e thnicity and gender are essentially a part of a person’s genetic design, which is biologically determinedRead MoreGap of Inequality Between Social Classes in the United States749 Words   |  3 Pagesand not the â€Å"real America we live in† (Krugman 246). I agree with his statement, many people were not aware of this issue five years ago, the fact that the upper class is gaining power. They have â€Å"their own virtual country† and â€Å"a separate economy† (Krugman 246). The upper class has many opportunities that prevent the middle and lower class from achieving the same success. Fewer opportunities for the lower classes are harming America’s vision of equality for all. Their chances of achieving the AmericanRead MoreHuman Capital As A Solution To Marx’S Problems With Capitalism.1304 Words   |  6 Pagesbourgeoisie, the owning class, to exploit the proletariat, the working class. Marx rejects the idea that unions are a possible fix f or the problems created by capitalism, but does not consider the possibility of increasing human capital to solve the problems he sees with capitalism. By increasing their human capital, the proletariat would gain independence from the bourgeoisie and be able to profit off their labor, and the elimination of private property would become problematic. To begin, I willRead MoreSocial Identity Effect On Life Chances1668 Words   |  7 Pagestheir group memberships. Social class, gender, ethnicity, ability / disability, nationality, and sexuality shape social identity. Their social identity affects their life chances in the ability to access education, employment, and prosperity. Section 1.1: Social Class Upper Class The upper classes because of their means are more likely to have the resources to access the very best of healthcare (Private), education (Eton), and employment. Middle Class The middle class because of their means are likelyRead MoreA Broken Class System?. The Misuse Of Drugs Act 1971 Implements1484 Words   |  6 PagesA Broken Class System? The misuse of drugs act 1971 implements a class system for different types of drugs based, supposedly on the dangers they pose to both users and society in accordance with the United Nation commission on narcotic drugs. Class A, the most dangerous of drugs, contains such drugs as heroin and crack cocaine as well as MDMA, LSC and magic mushrooms. The maximum penalty for class A offenses is life imprisonment. Class B includes amphetamines, barbiturates and cannabis among othersRead MoreStructural Functionalist And Marx And Engels s Theory Of Stratification1348 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"undergo† also known as the working class. For them stratification is about the exploitation of the working class. Human beings have values, so they should all be teated equally. They explain the system, society, and capitalist system only benefiting the rich and not the workers. The rich get more resources and the worker less. Which is problematic because the workers produce the resources but th ey don’t get anything. According to Marx the Elites benefit form the system because they have money givingRead MoreStructural Functionalist And Marx And Engels s Theory Of Stratification1238 Words   |  5 Pagesstratification is about the exploitation of the working class.They explain the system, society, and capitalist society that on have benefits the rich and not the workers. Which is very different view from spencer. They both believe humans have values. The rich get more resources and the worker less. Which is problematic because the workers produce the resources but they don’t get anything. According to Marx the Elites benefit form the system because they have the money so they can afford to be creative (go toRead MoreGraduation Speech : Education Is The Only Thing That Interferes With My Learning Is My Education960 Words   |  4 Pagesto the education system and it still holds true today. Einstein, even though he was a very gifted child, failed high school. While this might seem shocking, it still happens with gifted students today. Schools focusing more resources on the lower end of education is at the heart of this problem. Gifted students tend to be lumped in with regular students. Because schools overlook gifted students, gifted students aren’t challenged, become lax with learning, and become problematic. The cause of mostRead MoreBehavioural Difficulties : Behavioral Difficulties1645 Words   |  7 Pageschanged slightly, as I have developed the opinion that ‘behavioural difficulties’ are the net result of a situation or problem, the student’s behaviour simply being catalysed by the environment or situation. This behaviour is usually difficult or problematic (Gates, Newell Wray, 2001) for the teacher, or others, which is often when that student is categorised as troublesome, or labelled with ‘behavioural difficulties’ (Langley, 2009). Behavioural difficulties is a term with many definitions, allowing

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Effects Of 2008 Crisis N Political Economy Decisions

STUDENT ID: S00801773 International Business Economics INB 460 Effects of 2008 crisis n political economy decisions in two countries: India China Word Count: 1647 Contents Introduction 3 China 3 India 4 Economic Policies 4 FDI 4 GDP 7 Inflation 8 Current Account 9 Conclusion 10 Bibliography 10 Introduction The financial crisis, which began in late 2007 in US, went on to affect Europe and Asian counties. The economists were of the opinion that it would not affect the developing nations like China and India. Moreover as per the economists, these countries have already adopted reforms, which would make them withstand such crisis, and hence would be able to sail through it. But that was not the case. We would be comparing the economic policies of these countries’. Both the countries’ have high economic growth rate since last decade or so and are rapidly raising their footprint in global scenario. China China opened its arms’ in the late 70’s and since then has never looked back. From a centrally planned economy to market based economy has put China as a major global economy. Till recently, a command economy, China has move towards more private sector, but still majority of the macroeconomic processes are controlled by state. The country has moved to being a manufacturing hub on account of its huge low cost manpower and became an export hub by providing subsidized infrastructure (Paul,Show MoreRelatedThe Financial Crisis Of 20071646 Words   |  7 PagesThe most recent financial crisis of 2007 was felt throughout the world, and brought about huge economic consequences that are still being felt to this day. Within the United States, the crisis undoubtedly resulted in a surge in poverty and unemployment, a significant drop in consumption, and the loss of trust in the capitalist economic system. Because of globalization, this crisis was felt through the intertwined gl obal markets, affecting underdeveloped countries even more. Historical eventsRead MoreFinancial Deregulation and Capital Control1283 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Financial deregulation and capital control The financial markets for a long time were regulated following the aftershocks of the global recession which affected several economies across the globe. It was until the 1980s that the federal government passed the Deregulation and Monetary Act which was aimed at providing deregulation for the financial institutions. This gave the banks the flexibility to compete and extend their services at a much easier and faster way in a very competitive market andRead MoreEthical Leadership in 21st Century Global Organizations1711 Words   |  7 Pagesreading and research on ethical leadership in 21st century global orgnisations. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Free Essays

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a very serious psychological disorder many ordinary people can develop. It causes large scale depression and can severely damage relationships and lives. Its main causes are from a person experiencing or witnessing an event involving death or serious injury. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now A person’s response to the trauma usually involves fear, helplessness or horror. In children evidence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be exhibited in disorganized or agitated behaviors. One of the most common side effects of PTSD in adults is the recurring thoughts, images and perceptions about the specific trauma they endured. Consistent, frightening dreams of the event are also signs of developing PTSD. For children, they may also experience frightening dreams but with unrecognizable content they might not understand too well. Adults can also exhibit signs by acting as if they were reliving the events over and over again. Another sign of PTSD is the avoidance of thoughts, feelings and conversations with others about what happened, and the restricted range of affections and emotions exhibited by the individual. Many people feel like they are unable to have loving feelings and can have a sense of a foreshortened future where they can’t picture themselves having a career, marriage, children or even a normal life span. In most cases, the symptoms of PTSD begin to surface around 3 months after the specific event, but can be seen or experienced earlier as well. The symptoms generally tend to stay around for not too long of a time but for some people it can become chronic and never go away for as long as they live. Victims can begin to feel detached from society and estranged by their peers and others, as if they were all alone with no one there for them. Victims can also have difficulties concentrating, become hyper vigilant, which means a person has an increased state of anxiety and is constantly scanning their surroundings for threats, and exaggerated startled responses which is a side effect of all the anxiety they’re putting their minds through. Along with high states of anxiety, difficulty sleeping, extreme irritability, outbursts of anger for non-important reasons and severe depression are seen in many PTSD patients. Symptoms have been known to be worse when the trauma experienced is from intentional human actions rather than something like a natural disaster. Also, when something involves mass casualties like war, someone who survives can experience something known as survivor’s guilt where they feel guilty for getting through it meanwhile they lost loved ones and friends. The most vivid, disturbing way to experience PTSD is through a flashback. A flashback is when a person has recurring images flash before him when looking at normal things and cause the victim to be transported back to where the trauma took place and even begin to make the person feel, see, and smell the things he might’ve on that day or time period. This is especially common with war veterans like Vietnam War veterans. Vietnam War veterans can and have been known to be upset by war movies, hot humid weather, and even Asian cooking as it brings them back to the times when they were overseas and where they lost a lot of friends. PTSD has always been closely tied to the history of human warfare, not just the Vietnam War. PTSD is also known to soldiers and veterans as soldier’s heart, combat neurosis, and battle fatigue, meaning a soldier can lose their will to live and fight and just want to give up. Combat veterans who have witnessed or committed violent acts are more likely to develop PTSD. The men who liberated the Nazi war camps in the 1940’s could have been Severely distressed by the things they saw were being done to people. And through to today in the prisons the United States has where they keep war criminals and suspected terrorists like Abu Ghraib. Soldiers who were stationed there had seen some horrific things done to people, and those images could stick with them for a very long time. However, it was not until after the Vietnam War that PTSD became a well-known and serious mental health condition and captured the interest of doctors and psychiatrists. A study done on Vietnam War veterans showed that at least 1. 7 million veterans had experienced a serious case of PTSD when their tour was over or after the war. The attention received by the Vietnam War veterans also helped shed a light onto victims of other wars and events and allowed the still living Holocaust survivors to seek help if they wished. Another study showed that 55% of women were victims of a violent crime and that one in four of these women suffered from PTSD. It can affect everyone for an unlimited amount of reason ranging from natural disasters like a hurricane or earthquake to something more recent like the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. Many civilians who escaped New York City that day saw and experienced some of the worst things imaginable, and one of the largest groups of people who suffered from that event was the members of the FDNY, NYPD, and PAPD. With the FDNY losing 343 firemen, the NYPD losing 23 police officers and the PAPD losing 7 officers, the first responders to the World Trade Center suffered heavy casualties. A lot of people lost fellow brothers and sisters going into the buildings attempting to save innocent civilians and lost their lives. A horrific event like 9/11 affects a larger amount of people and hits them harder than other things due to the severity, lives lost, and pointlessness of the attack. People who already may have underlying or prior mental health problems are more likely to develop PTSD. Genetics also play a role in making some people susceptible to PTSD and two people who are experiencing the same trauma can have two different outcomes. One person might be able to get through it and the other might be completely mentally exhausted and suffer the worst of the symptoms. People may not even know they have PTSD until the death of a close friend or relative or a divorce or something life changing brings them to an emotional low and can make them recall what they may have gone through. PTSD is a serious mental condition that affects more people than anyone might know. Some people are good at hiding feelings while others are not. Sadly some sufferers resort to using heavy quantities of alcohol and tranquilizers to numb their pain and make them able to cope with the disturbing recollections, nightmares and sleep problems and sadly many end up dependent on the drugs they’re using. PTSD can also lead to suicide if the victim experiences sever amounts of survivor’s guilt or feels as if they can’t take it anymore. Works Cited: . Vrana, Scott. â€Å"Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. † Salem Health Psychology Mental Health. First edition. Editor: Nancy Piotrowski. Volume 4 Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2010. Print. 2. Miller, Allen, â€Å"Living With Anxiety Disorders† New York, Facts on File, 2008. Print 3. Jan Fawcett, â€Å"Post Traumatic Stress Disorder† The Encyclopedia of Mental Health Ada Kahn. First Edition. Volume 1 New York. Facts on File. 1993. Print. 4. nymag. com/news/articles/wtc/1year/numbers, New York Magazine, 11 September 2011. Web. 20 November 2011 How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Essay examples Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Free Essays He himself also suffers from OPTS, and has chapters about his thoughts, feelings, and family intervention when he was writing his memoir. â€Å"Speaking of Courage,† tells the story of another member of Tim O’Brien platoon, Norman Booker, following his return to his hometown In Iowa. Booker feels responsible for the death of Kiowa, who literally drowned In human excrement during a firefight when the platoon was encamped in what turned out to be a field of sewage. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now Frozen in panic, Booker could not bring himself to move and pull the wounded Kiowa out of the stinking sewage. Now, back in Iowa, he simply drives In circles around town, feeling aimless and out of place. ‘How to Tell a True War Story Is a collection of small stones Interspersed with instructions about â€Å"true† war stories. The narrator tells the story of his friend Rat Killed, who writes a letter to the sister of his buddy who had been killed a week earlier. It is a long, heartfelt letter. He waits for two months for a reply to the letter, but the sister never writes back. The story then shifts to commentary. A true war story Is never moral† (O’Brien 65) the narrator Instructs. These two stories contain read examples of different symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, in a way that can further explain them to the reader. The Vietnam War was fought by an ideology against an Ideology, and ultimately solved very little while hurting so many. OPTS is a mental Illness that Is cause by a traumatic event that has happened In ones life and can be easily triggered by a daily activity. Pony close evaluation, Tim O’Brien collection, The Things They Carried, explores the effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in relation to Vietnam, since characters possess prone to angry outburst, elapse, and suicidal tendencies. The tragic events that are witnessed during the war in â€Å"How to Tell a True War Story’ can cause immediate cases of anger outbursts. Anger is said to be a cover for other emotions such as fear or hurt, and can also be a way of pushing people away in order to protect oneself. However, tendencies for sudden outbursts of anger are Like a manifestation of hyper-vigilance and fear of loss of control. In â€Å"How to Tell a True War Story,† Rat Killed looses his best friend, Curt Lemon, after being blown up while playing a game of catch. This has caused some sadness and anger to build up inside him. Later that day, the troops come across a baby buffalo that the end up bringing with them to s deserted village. After the failed attempt of Rat trying to feed the baby buffalo, â€Å"he stepped back and shot it through the right front knee. It went down hard, 1 OFF to hurt†¦ There wasn’t a great deal of pity for the baby water buffalo. Curt Lemon was dead† (O’Brien 75). In the article â€Å"Anger, Hostility, and OPTS,† written by Roth and Wielded, they say that â€Å"as a consequence, hostility causes an increase frequency of anger and aggression. Thus, anger and hostility may reciprocally activate each other and motivate the individual to aggressive behavior against others†(699). Rat Killed tortures a baby water buffalo because he cannot sit with his emotions about Curt Lemon’s death. Skills method of abuse to this animal was very strategic due to the way he stepped back; shot the buffalo in the ear and then the right knee. The shots were not random, but were very specific and thought through. What O’Brien meant by not wanting to kill the animal, but to hurt it, was that the pain that Killed was leaning he wanted to see someone else feel it to. Rotor’s thought of reciprocal activity is shown through Skills obsession of seeing this living thing suffer, Just as he was suffering from the loss of his dear friend. Skills angry outburst was Just the start of his OPTS that was caused from this traumatic event that he had witnessed, since anger can motivate to lash out with aggressive behavior. While one can reduce the severe-news of OPTS, there’s always a possibility for a relapse, which is the case for Norman Booker in â€Å"Speaking of Courage. † In the case of OPTS, relapse is the worsening of symptoms or the recurrence of unhealthy behaviors. As a way of marking time, Norman Booker repeatedly drives a loop around the local lake remembering old girlfriends, hoping one day to track down high-school buddies who have moved to Des Monies or Sioux, and how he would explain Kiosk’s death in the field. When Booker was in â€Å"high school, at night, he had driven around and around it with Sally Kramer†¦ Or other times with friends, talking about urgent matters†¦ Then, there had not been war†(O’Brien 132). Booker came home to find hat Sally was married, his friends were gone, and his father was at home watching TV. He made it seem like it wasn’t a problem, but that was when he went â€Å"he took [his dad’s] Chevy on another seven-mile turn around the lake (O’Brien 133). According to John H. Attainment, author of Twentieth Century Literature, Norman Bookers’ â€Å"aimless circling works then to demonstrate his inability to settle back into the routine of the world and exemplifies the psychological distance between his former and present selves† (108). O’Brien shows Booker’s relapse by circling the lake before ND after the war, as the relapse is encapsulated by his trip around the lake back in high school with Sally and doing it again after the war, with out her this time. Booker aimlessly circling the lake shows that he is unable to break free from its pull, since lake triggers a relapse by his inability to settle back into civilization. Booker portrays Attainment’s psychological distancing when he talks about the time before the war. So, the fact that Norman Booker circles the same lake as he did before the war, and constantly is thinking about what he has lost from being at war, shows that Booker is experiencing a relapse as a side effect of his OPTS. Thoughts of suicide are a major symptom of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and are explored in the short story â€Å"Speaking of Courage†. War Veterans experience so much when in combat that their lives can hardly ever be normal and having to adjust to being back home can be a struggle. Booker had two friend, Max and Kiowa, both who which drowned in lakes, which had a major impact on Booker. Norman Booker a time he got out, walked down to the beach, and waded into the lake without undressing. The water felt warm against his skin. He put his head under. He opened his lips, very slightly, for the taste, then he stood up and folded his arms and watch the 148). In an interview with Tim O’Brien, he mentions that this story â€Å"came from a letter [he] received from a guy name Norman Booker, a real guy, who committed suicide after [he] received his letter. He was talking to [O’Brien] in his letter about how he Just couldn’t adjust to coming home. It wasn’t bad memories; it was that he couldn’t talk to any about it (Unapparent 7). That was when O’Brien followed that story with the essay â€Å"Notes,† to inform that â€Å"three years later hanged myself in the locker room of a YMCA in his hometown of Iowa† (O’Brien 149). In â€Å"Speaking of Courage†, Booker didn’t go into the lake to watch the fireworks; instead it was a mere thought of suicide, indicated by how Norman was fully dressed, submerging his entire body under water, and opening his mouth. Folding of his arms may hint that Booker is content with ending his life the way his buddies did. O’Brien point on Booker not being able to adjust to coming home, and attempt of suicide could have been a foreshadow of his actual suicide that happen a few years later. Booker was suffering many symptoms of OPTS, but it is evident that his suicidal thoughts had taken what was left of him, as it does to many war veterans. Angry outbursts, relapse, and suicidal thoughts are only a few of the Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms that are discussed through out Tim O’Brien The Things They Carried, but they are not the only ones that these characters possess. Norman Booker and Rat Killed are two characters that suffer from OPTS. Booker experiences relapse and suicidal thoughts as his symptoms; where as, Killed suffers from angry outburst. O’Brien is a credible source for authenticating what fines a true story due to the fact he was part of the Vietnam war and he also suffers from OPTS. From the research gathered about OPTS symptoms, it is clear over the struggles that some go through dealing with this disorder. OPTS is a fracture’ in your experience of life, caused by a traumatic event. You and no one else cause this fracture in your mind because it is response for attempting to cope with what happened. But unfortunately, it’s an ill-informed response. So the next time a song is on repeat in your mind, Just imagine it’s a repeat of your most horrific memories. How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Papers Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Free Essays Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a very serious psychological disorder many ordinary people can develop. It causes large scale depression and can severely damage relationships and lives. Its main causes are from a person experiencing or witnessing an event involving death or serious injury. We will write a custom essay sample on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or any similar topic only for you Order Now A person’s response to the trauma usually involves fear, helplessness or horror. In children evidence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can be exhibited in disorganized or agitated behaviors. One of the most common side effects of PTSD in adults is the recurring thoughts, images and perceptions about the specific trauma they endured. Consistent, frightening dreams of the event are also signs of developing PTSD. For children, they may also experience frightening dreams but with unrecognizable content they might not understand too well. Adults can also exhibit signs by acting as if they were reliving the events over and over again. Another sign of PTSD is the avoidance of thoughts, feelings and conversations with others about what happened, and the restricted range of affections and emotions exhibited by the individual. Many people feel like they are unable to have loving feelings and can have a sense of a foreshortened future where they can’t picture themselves having a career, marriage, children or even a normal life span. In most cases, the symptoms of PTSD begin to surface around 3 months after the specific event, but can be seen or experienced earlier as well. The symptoms generally tend to stay around for not too long of a time but for some people it can become chronic and never go away for as long as they live. Victims can begin to feel detached from society and estranged by their peers and others, as if they were all alone with no one there for them. Victims can also have difficulties concentrating, become hyper vigilant, which means a person has an increased state of anxiety and is constantly scanning their surroundings for threats, and exaggerated startled responses which is a side effect of all the anxiety they’re putting their minds through. Along with high states of anxiety, difficulty sleeping, extreme irritability, outbursts of anger for non-important reasons and severe depression are seen in many PTSD patients. Symptoms have been known to be worse when the trauma experienced is from intentional human actions rather than something like a natural disaster. Also, when something involves mass casualties like war, someone who survives can experience something known as survivor’s guilt where they feel guilty for getting through it meanwhile they lost loved ones and friends. The most vivid, disturbing way to experience PTSD is through a flashback. A flashback is when a person has recurring images flash before him when looking at normal things and cause the victim to be transported back to where the trauma took place and even begin to make the person feel, see, and smell the things he might’ve on that day or time period. This is especially common with war veterans like Vietnam War veterans. Vietnam War veterans can and have been known to be upset by war movies, hot humid weather, and even Asian cooking as it brings them back to the times when they were overseas and where they lost a lot of friends. PTSD has always been closely tied to the history of human warfare, not just the Vietnam War. PTSD is also known to soldiers and veterans as soldier’s heart, combat neurosis, and battle fatigue, meaning a soldier can lose their will to live and fight and just want to give up. Combat veterans who have witnessed or committed violent acts are more likely to develop PTSD. The men who liberated the Nazi war camps in the 1940’s could have been Severely distressed by the things they saw were being done to people. And through to today in the prisons the United States has where they keep war criminals and suspected terrorists like Abu Ghraib. Soldiers who were stationed there had seen some horrific things done to people, and those images could stick with them for a very long time. However, it was not until after the Vietnam War that PTSD became a well-known and serious mental health condition and captured the interest of doctors and psychiatrists. A study done on Vietnam War veterans showed that at least 1. 7 million veterans had experienced a serious case of PTSD when their tour was over or after the war. The attention received by the Vietnam War veterans also helped shed a light onto victims of other wars and events and allowed the still living Holocaust survivors to seek help if they wished. Another study showed that 55% of women were victims of a violent crime and that one in four of these women suffered from PTSD. It can affect everyone for an unlimited amount of reason ranging from natural disasters like a hurricane or earthquake to something more recent like the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. Many civilians who escaped New York City that day saw and experienced some of the worst things imaginable, and one of the largest groups of people who suffered from that event was the members of the FDNY, NYPD, and PAPD. With the FDNY losing 343 firemen, the NYPD losing 23 police officers and the PAPD losing 7 officers, the first responders to the World Trade Center suffered heavy casualties. A lot of people lost fellow brothers and sisters going into the buildings attempting to save innocent civilians and lost their lives. A horrific event like 9/11 affects a larger amount of people and hits them harder than other things due to the severity, lives lost, and pointlessness of the attack. People who already may have underlying or prior mental health problems are more likely to develop PTSD. Genetics also play a role in making some people susceptible to PTSD and two people who are experiencing the same trauma can have two different outcomes. One person might be able to get through it and the other might be completely mentally exhausted and suffer the worst of the symptoms. People may not even know they have PTSD until the death of a close friend or relative or a divorce or something life changing brings them to an emotional low and can make them recall what they may have gone through. PTSD is a serious mental condition that affects more people than anyone might know. Some people are good at hiding feelings while others are not. Sadly some sufferers resort to using heavy quantities of alcohol and tranquilizers to numb their pain and make them able to cope with the disturbing recollections, nightmares and sleep problems and sadly many end up dependent on the drugs they’re using. PTSD can also lead to suicide if the victim experiences sever amounts of survivor’s guilt or feels as if they can’t take it anymore. Works Cited: . Vrana, Scott. â€Å"Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. † Salem Health Psychology Mental Health. First edition. Editor: Nancy Piotrowski. Volume 4 Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2010. Print. 2. Miller, Allen, â€Å"Living With Anxiety Disorders† New York, Facts on File, 2008. Print 3. Jan Fawcett, â€Å"Post Traumatic Stress Disorder† The Encyclopedia of Mental Health Ada Kahn. First Edition. Volume 1 New York. Facts on File. 1993. Print. 4. nymag. com/news/articles/wtc/1year/numbers, New York Magazine, 11 September 2011. Web. 20 November 2011 How to cite Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Leading in Contemporary Organizations International HRM

Question: Describe about Leading in Contemporary Organizations of International HRM. Answer: Introduction Diversity in the workplace refers as different variety of people or employees within the organisation. The diversity issue within the organisation mainly varies due to the gender, race, ethnic group, education, culture, background of the people. From the several market surveys it can be observed that diversity not only engages how individuals observe themselves, other than how the individuals distinguish other people. Those points of view of the people affect their connections and the relationship. For a broad variety of employees to function efficiently as an association, human resource experts or managers require to contract efficiently with matters such as adaptability communication, and alteration. To maintain the success of the organisation workplace diversity is quite effective task for any organisation and their management team (Albrecht, 2001). To get an effective observation about the workplace diversity and impact of contemporary leadership in the organisation the researche r obtain one of the most leading supermarket giants of UK Tesco PLC. With the help of workplace diversity the organisation can effectively increase their adaptability among the employees and it provides wider service range in the organisation. Background of the organisation Tesco PLC is one of the largest supermarket chains in the UK market. The organisation has operated almost 12 countries all over the world. To expand their business in the worldwide market the organisation depends on supermarket, hypermarket and superstore products. According to the recent market survey it can be observed that, Tesco has approximately 500000 numbers of people across the globe. To manage the employees within the organisation the leaders or the managers of the organisation needs to develop a well build leadership strategies in their job role to control over them (Amaram, 2011). Due to the huge number of employees in the organisation and due to the several employees came from various region of the world with different culture, different background of studies, different race and gender the management needs to control on the diversity issues in the organisation for their better performance in the retail market place. Issues within the organisation The main issues in the organisation like Tesco Plc are the diversity issues in their workplace. For getting effective outcomes in the business the organisation or the management of the Tesco Plc needs to aware about some diversity management program for their better performance in the workplace. Due to the various culture people in the workplace and different gender, race and academic background of the employees it harms the work culture and work environment in the workplace (Batten, 1992). To mitigate those issues the contemporary leaders of the organisation needs to adopt better leadership strategies in their business to make healthier relation with the and among the employees. For lack of communication problem in the organisation the employees faces several problems like not sharing the information within the workplace, inequality and partiality etc, which leads dreadful scenario in the work environment (Darden, n.d.). Importance of managerial communication with employees According to the present scenario, it can be said that, due to the lack of employee manager communication the organisation has faces several issues which is related concerning with the diversity problem in their business (GRENSING-POPHAL, 1997). To mitigate the issues regarding diversity the leaders or the managers of the organisation needs to be more communicative with the employees. By the help of proper communication with the employees it can enhance the performance of the employees and they can share their opinion without any hesitation (GroÃÅ'ˆschl, 2011). Due to the diversity issues in the retail chain market like Tesco the employees of the organisation cannot share their ideas and openness with their team leaders or the managers which can bring lack of performance. To mitigate the issues from the organisation the management or the managers needs to communicate with the employees in formal or informal ways to enhance their confidence in their job role (Gwele, 2009). By com municating well with the employee the managers of the organisation get effective outcomes in several areas such as Better employee relation To maintain effective manager employee relation in the organisation effective communication is very much essential tool for the managers (Williams, 2005). By the help of effective communication the manager can analyse and assess the performance of the employees in the workplace which enhance to make better relation with the managers. Productivity gaining To get more productive outcomes from the employees, management of Tesco mostly relies on the better communication process (Henderson, 1994). By the help of face to face conversation with the employees the manager can understand the lagging areas of the individuals. To reduce the dissatisfying factors from the peoples mind the manager provide effective motivational strategies in their business and open communication process. Better problem solving abilities Open communication makes the employees more comfortable to work in a new and different situation. For a newly joined employee it is not so easy task for them to communicate with the others quite easily (Kikoski and Kikoski, 1996). By the help of managers openness and friendly communication makes them more comfortable in the workplace and it can help the managers to provide more members in their team to solve a critical problem and achieve the desired objectives for the organisation. Globalize their business Tesco is an international retail supermarket chain. To enhance their business in the global market the organisation needs to globalize their business more and more and for globalize the business the organisation needs to recruit more different culture and different society people in their business (Lakmal, n.d.). To make the workplace diversity effective and to make the work culture better the managers needs to be more open in their communication. Skills needed to overcome issues In the successful business operation the management needs to rely on the several tool and techniques to mitigate the workplace diversity from the Tesco. To overcome the diversity related issues in the workplace apart from the effective communication process the organisation needs to adopt better planning of the diversity management and better implication plan. Implication and planning Business directors, keeping in mind the end goal to adequately oversee differing qualities, must have the capacity to arrange and execute an assorted qualities arrangement. This includes mapping out an approach to make gratefulness for differences in all workers in the organisation (McMahon, 2011). A few strategies exist to help the managers to address those issues. An assorted quality withdraws similarly permits representatives to become acquainted with each other and build up gratefulness for each other outside of work place. By select a diverse quality employees in the organisation can build different cultural aspects in the organisation which can enhance the work environment, for implementing more cultural diversity in the organisation. In a perfect world, these individuals have to work for the organization and volunteer for the undertaking. As a major aspect of their responsibility, the individuals needs to go to differences association or different seminar for the diversity man agement programme on more than one occasion a year and keep the employees learned and open to mix their qualities. Resolution skills A key apparatus to overseeing working environment differences is the capacity to handle strife. Contradictions that emerge due to social contrasts must be taken care of quickly and quickly as to not diminish profitability in the work environment (Morgan and VaÃÅ' rdy, 2006). Be objective. At the point when examining a contradiction, be reasonable, objective and verifiable all the while. Get some information about what happened and take notes as needs be. Get to the base of the issue and, rather than setting all faults on one individual, ensure every individual knows the significance of tolerating everybody and valuing their part in the workplace. Possible options for developing the skills needed in the managers perspective To develop skills to mitigate the diversity issues in the workplace the managers of the organisation needs to develop effective leadership strategies in their business operation. To make an effective outcome for the diversity related issues within the organisation the managers needs to adopt better leadership theories in their job role (Nickens and Smedley, 2001). To develop a better understanding in the workplace and to get positive outcomes in the organisation the managers have to depend on two leadership theories such as: The trait theory of leadership In this trait theory the leaders or the managers are mainly focused on the task based activities. According to the situation the individuals alter their leadership styles. To mitigate the diversity issues in the workplace this theory implication is quite essential for the managers for their better outcomes in the workplace. To reduce the gender inequality, racism, adjustment in the organisation this theory helps the managers to develop their skills and openness to experience better performance in their job role (Pollitt, 2006). With the help of modern trait theory the managers of the organisation like Tesco can increase their adaptability and it could supply the several of solutions for the diversity mitigation plan. The Behavioural theory of leadership To manage people in the organisation the managers needs good personality. According to the behavioural theory of leadership the leaders or the managers can understand their confidence level and strong personality enhancement skills in their responsibility. To mitigate the diversity related issues within the workplace the managers needs to be stronger in personality and they needs to have positive ego to analyse their self efficiency level in the organisation (Schyns and Meindl, 2005). To influence other in the organisation the manager needs better motivational skills in their behaviour by which they can attract and help the employees to communicate well with them. Proper and effective communication process can mitigate the diversity issues in the large scale organisation like Tesco. Apart from the different leadership style and theory implication the managers needs to provide effective seminar and training development programme on the basis of diversity management plans in the organisation. Recommendation After analysing all the factors from this report, the researcher can recommended that, offering diversity awareness training programme for the employees could enhance their performance and increase the work environment better for the organisation. Exploit some staff meetings and different employee assemblies as an occasion to highlight the significance of open-mindedness in the workplace and the understanding of dissimilarities. Present written information and cyclic emails can encourage workers to realize the diversity of the organisation (Walton, 1994). These administrator postures will build it obvious that employees are waiting for to training open-mindedness in their job role. Top of the organisation make measuring and estimating their diversity procedure an essential fraction of their business system. A customizable worker fulfilment review can achieve this measurement for Tesco PLC professionally and expediently. Conclusion From the above study it can be concluded that diversity related issues can harm the fruitful business procedure for the organisation and as a manager or a leader, the individual needs to aware about the diversity management plan in his mind. To manage the diversity issues in Tesco the manager needs to communicate properly in formal and informal way with the employees in the workplace. In this study the researcher has concluded that attitude of openness among the employees and the managers can mitigate the diversity issues within the organisation. By promoting effective leadership theories implication in the organisation can be benefited to achieve the short term and long term objectives for the company. References Albrecht, M. (2001). International HRM. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers. Amaram, D. (2011). Cultural Diversity: Implications For Workplace Management. JDM, 2(4), p.1. Batten, E. (1992). Diversity in the high-tech workplace: forums for diversity. IEEE Spectr., 29(6), pp.27-29. Darden, D. (n.d.). Diversity in the Workplace. SSRN Electronic Journal. GRENSING-POPHAL, L. (1997). Dealing with diversity in the workplace. Nursing, 27(9), p.78. GroÃÅ'ˆschl, S. (2011). Diversity in the workplace. Burlington, Vt.: Gower. Gwele, N. (2009). Diversity management in the workplace: beyond compliance. curationis, 32(2). Henderson, G. (1994). Cultural diversity in the workplace. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books. Jackson, S. (1992). Diversity in the workplace. New York: Guilford Press. Kikoski, J. and Kikoski, C. (1996). Reflexive communication in the culturally diverse workplace. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books. Lakmal, D. (n.d.). Managing the Challenge of Generational Diversity in the Workplace. SSRN Electronic Journal. McMahon, A. (2011). Does Workplace Diversity Matter? A Survey Of Empirical Studies On Diversity And Firm Performance, 2000-09. JDM, 5(2). Morgan, J. and VaÃÅ' rdy, F. (2006). Diversity in the workplace. [Washington, D.C.]: International Monetary Fund, IMF Institute. Nickens, H. and Smedley, B. (2001). The right thing to do, the smart thing to do. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Pollitt, D. (2006). Diversity in the workforce. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub. Schyns, B. and Meindl, J. (2005). Implicit leadership theories. Greenwich, Conn.: Information Age Pub. Walton, S. (1994). Cultural diversity in the workplace. Burr Ridge, Ill.: Irwin Professional Pub./Mirror Press. Williams, M. (2005). Leadership for leaders. London: Thorogood.

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Topic American History- Winthrop, Hutchinson Political Morality In We

topic: American History- Winthrop, Hutchinson Political Morality In Webster's dictionary, morality is defined as "principles of right and wrong in conduct; ethics." The principles of morality have countless times evolved over the ages. In earlier times, death was an easy penalty for many crimes. These crimes today are considered minor and are penalized with a slap on the hand. Is this considered wrong? Who is the correct authority to consult on what is right or wrong? In today's society, two major factors concern how the way members of society act and behave. The first is our national government. Members of our government in positions of authority decide everything in our lives in the form of laws which determine our behavior. One of the most important documents written by our government is the Declaration of Independence. The monarchy was taking away power from the colonists and putting more demands on. In return, the colonists declared their fr eedom from their tyrant. In this document, it states, "All men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." The great men who wrote this down had a strong sense of morals. They believed that men were given rights by God that no one could take away. This is essential to the issue of morality because it determines the rights- that are agreed upon all- are wrong. This brings us to religion. Religion is a major contributor to how we think and act because it mirrors our beliefs in what we hold as right or wrong. An example of this is the native tribes of africa and South America where a number of tribes practice cannibalism. While this is considered a sin in most christian religions, the tribes have evolved into cannibalism as a way to survive in life and have no objections to their eating habits. The problem arises when the line between government and reli gion is crossed. While religion does not have to power to punish one physically, but rather soulfully of one has sinned. The government has the power to sentence punishment, yet should have no power concerning God. Many different religions have evolved all over the world and in the process, have people have been prosecuted in their faith. The first settlers in the new world came here to avoid prosecution from the powerful church/government of that time. Specifically, the Church of England headed by the king. Puritan leaders led their followers to a place where they could express their religion with no fear of other faiths. One such leader was John Winthrop. John Winthrop was a powerful Puritan governor in the colony of Massachusetts Bay. He believed that this was a calling from God for him to lead the new religious experiment-a covenant with God to built a model for mankind. "We shall be a city upon the hill." declared Winthrop. As governor Winthrop held cons iderable power. He distrusted the commoners and thought democracy was the "meanest and worst" forms of government. Anyone who brought trouble or had indifferent thought were severely punished to "save their soul." As one of his extensions of his powers he banished Roger Williams, a popular Salem minister with radical ideas and an unrestrained tongue, and Mistress Anne Hutchinson, A strong willed women who challenged the authority of the clergy by stating the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man. Several problems arise throughout this banishment. I am for a democratic society in which one can express his or her thoughts without the fear of prosecution. They did not have the luxury of this. The need for the expressment of ideas is essential for a growing environment. If no growth is made, then expansion of the community is halted to a standstill. The limit of new idea's must have a point, though. In recent news, the Unabomber has issued a ulti manium with his manuscript. In the past, such a request would have been rediculous. In his manuscript he expresses his view on the evils of technology. While a citizen is entitled to free speech and press, threatening murder is not such an option.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Analysis Essay Example on The Killing of Mr. Chippendale

Analysis Essay Example on The Killing of Mr. Chippendale The Killing of Mr. Chippendale Essay Example This literary work is one of the masterpieces that demonstrate how the personal qualities of an individual can be expressed more easily and with accuracy. The murder of Mr. Robert Chippendale is just a tool that presents the real picture of how various people held him. The act of murder meted on him is bitter, but the hole it left in the heart of people carried the highest weight. This was one of the most talented teachers that went beyond his assigned teaching duty, but offered free life skill lesson to the students. He was hailed as one of the best academic heroes with sound ideas in any intellectual discourse as exhibited by this part of the poem Study peoples faces, not French fries. Hear how they order, not what. ( 28). He was one of the few people who condemned a wrongdoing at the instant it was committed without fear or favor as the immediate surrounding would demand, and this came to enhance the effectiveness of his discipline strategies. He was a passionate man with the unrelenting spirit of excellence. The death of Mr. C tells a lot about his character and personality As can be evidenced from the emotions and in-depth feeling of pain among the mourners, it left a lot of questions about this renowned English teacher. Starting with the rolling tears in the eyes of Angela, we can conclude that Mr. Chippendale was a living character with great and welcoming heart which was open and accommodative (Glenn 62). He was also an all round personality who interacted and made friendship without definite boundaries. For instance, Angela fell in love with Mr. C. inspite of their professional relationship and the workplace situation. Other characters, as young as his students, revealed their deeper desire and affection for him. One of the students openly admitted having a crush on him. The same sentiments were shared by the board of education of the institution who felt deprived following the morning shorting incident. Mr. C. was a very determined and hardworking professional English teacher He often punished students who performed below average in their class work and assignments. He was commended for his hard work by the school management on a number of occasions. His active participation in the school activities and programs, as designed and accorded by the authority, are the evidences of his dedication and determination in his duties and responsibilities. On the other hand, Mr. C. had a unique personality. He was very strict. This can be evidenced by the fact that he was not every students darling (Glenn 45-7). Some students showed their joy upon his death. He kept subjecting this group of students to punishment every time they failed to abide by the set regulations or performed relatively lower than was expected of them. This showed the kind of person Mr. Chippendale was. ORDER FOR: $Â  11.99 document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function () { $("#miniorder_shorcode form").append($("", { "name": "_token", "value": window.Laravel.csrfToken, "type": "hidden" })); }); Celia Campbell, one of his students, claimed that this teacher was very pivotal in her life and the lessons from him left an indelible mark in her life. She was one of the students that was off the social life path and it took the parental skills blended with the authority of a teacher to be shaped by Chippendale. It is also said that this teacher was very admirable even by the students and it happened that one character, Angela Falcone, befriended him and his death was alleged to be connected with love going sour between them. Cynthia Arroyos experience with the advisory lessons with the teacher shows how straightforward this teacher was when it came to honesty about the abilities of his students. In the book Who killed Mr. Chippendale a number of characters are discussed by Glenn, the author of the book. The high school English teacher influenced many characters, especially students who were inspired by the personality and character. Upon his murder, the whole community was filled with emotions. There was a lot of suspicion on who the murderer of Mr. C. could be This prompts for police investigation into the untimely death of the renowned teachers. One of the leading characters in the book is Falcone Angela. Angela (the guidance and counseling teacher) happened to fall in love with Mr. C (as he was known among the students). Having realized the sudden death of Mr. Chippendale, his best friend, Angela, planed to revenge the pain of losing her closest friend by killing the killer of Mr. Chippendale. Although this was an unacceptable move, Angela was determined to bear the consequences of killing. This is a reflection of how valued Mr. C was to the rest of the staff. In addition, Angelas reaction is a reflection of emotional character. After approximately four years of teacher-student relationship, the death of Mr. C left a lot of emotional pain among the students. To many of them Mr. C. served as a role model and personal adviser. For instance, Celia Campbell and Cynthia Arroyo received the news of death with a lot of pain. They reflect on his teachings, especially about life skills. This is evidenced by the poems such as study peoples faces, not French fries Hear how they order, not what, and imagine a mini-biography for each of them (28). Other students, who were deeply affected by the death of their beloved teacher, are Harry Balinger and Karen Miller. Karen Miller witnessed the English teacher being shot by the armed Red. In describing her unfading memory of the incident, Miller cites what she witnessed as a never-ending video loop/projected in of [her] eyes ( 66). As expected, not everyone was unhappy with his death. This group mainly consisted of students who performed poorly in class and were often punished by Mr. C.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Extended Definition of a Genre of Film Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Extended Definition of a Genre of Film - Essay Example So he decided to stalk Felicity. He had found out that she had been discharged from the police force a few years ago and lived alone with her mother. Too bad she had asked for police protection after he had made the first threatening call telling her not to interfere or she’d be dead meat, just like all the others†¦' I know who you are and I know where you live' did not, however, have the desired effect of repelling her from the case. He would have to resort to sterner measures. Graham West heaved a heavy sigh as he realized that killing Felicity would be the best thing to do under the circumstances. Maybe he should kill both mother and daughter to make a statement. Busybodies, and damn the police protection- he would have to find a way to sneak into her place without causing suspicion. Wait a minute†¦ he could cut their wires and then pose as a TV repairman or something. But it would not work if she had not called for a serviceman. Thank God they had no picture of h im at Police Headquarters. Graham took his chances late evening one weekend when he was certain the police would be gainfully occupied elsewhere. Felicity did not suspect a thing when she let him in- she must have thought her mother had called for the repairman, so that was that. But what he did not expect was Fred Hurst turning up for tea unexpectedly. He sized up Hurst and decided to take a chance anyway. But they were ready for him and both Felicity and Hurst took Graham down while the mother screamed blue murder.... Dammit, that Cindy Croft at work was too juicy to resist, and such a flirt too. Half the time she was flirting with the young male staff anyway. Such a gold digger- never one for a steady relationship. Too bad he did not mix work and play, or she’d have been one of his victims too. He simply could not risk the chance of being suspected or found out or else it would all be over. It was so thrilling to have a secret life and not be found out yet†¦ the revelation would likely shock all who knew him. With Victim 14’s neck secure on a meat hook in his garage, West turned to other matters requiring his attention. He firmly suspected that the pesky detective Felicity had her eyes on him, all due to some blood of a victim’s type being found in his car. He had fooled them into believing it was his former wife’s blood- they had been divorced just six months ago. But they were not really satisfied. So he decided to stalk Felicity. He had found out that she had b een discharged from the police force a few years ago and lived alone with her mother. Too bad she had asked for police protection after he had made the first threatening call telling her not to interfere or she’d be dead meat, just like all the others†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ I know who you are and I know where you live’ did not however have the desired effect of repelling her from the case. He would have to resort to sterner measures. Graham West heaved a heavy sigh as he realized that killing Felicity would be the best thing to do under the circumstances (Wilson, 45). Maybe he should kill both mother and daughter to make a statement. Busybodies, and damn the police protection- he would have to find a